Acoustic characterization of dysarthria in children with cerebral palsy: exploring age-related effects

Anja Kuschmann, Frits van Brenk

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

Abstract

The speech of children with dysarthria and cerebral palsy (CP) is characterized by respiratory, phonatory and articulatory difficulties. Whilst, traditionally, speech deviations were described perceptually, the focus has recently shifted to acoustic measures to quantify the children’s speech changes more objectively and systematically. This study investigated the role of age in acoustically characterizing dysarthria in children with CP. Speech samples of eight children were analyzed using various acoustic measures and compared to those of typically-developing peers. Results showed overall group differences for several acoustic measures. Additionally, the degree to which acoustic measures may differentiate children with CP and their peers is influenced by age, with various measures found to be more suitable in differentiating older affected and unaffected children (13-18 years) compared to younger ones (7-8 years). This finding suggests that age is important when selecting acoustic markers of dysarthria, with some markers constituting more sensitive measures than others.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences
Editors Sasha Calhoun, Paola Escudero, Marija Tabain, Paul Warren
Place of PublicationCanberra City
Pages3031-3035
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 5 Aug 2019
EventInternational Congress of Phonetics Sciences 2019 - Melbourne Australia, Melbourne, Australia
Duration: 5 Aug 20199 Aug 2019

Conference

ConferenceInternational Congress of Phonetics Sciences 2019
Abbreviated titleICPhS 2019
CountryAustralia
CityMelbourne
Period5/08/199/08/19

Fingerprint

Dysarthria
Cerebral Palsy
Acoustics

Keywords

  • speech
  • acoustics
  • cerebral palsy
  • dysarthria
  • age-related effects

Cite this

Kuschmann, A., & van Brenk, F. (2019). Acoustic characterization of dysarthria in children with cerebral palsy: exploring age-related effects . In S. Calhoun, P. Escudero, M. Tabain, & P. Warren (Eds.), Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (pp. 3031-3035). Canberra City.
Kuschmann, Anja ; van Brenk, Frits. / Acoustic characterization of dysarthria in children with cerebral palsy : exploring age-related effects . Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. editor / Sasha Calhoun ; Paola Escudero ; Marija Tabain ; Paul Warren. Canberra City, 2019. pp. 3031-3035
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abstract = "The speech of children with dysarthria and cerebral palsy (CP) is characterized by respiratory, phonatory and articulatory difficulties. Whilst, traditionally, speech deviations were described perceptually, the focus has recently shifted to acoustic measures to quantify the children’s speech changes more objectively and systematically. This study investigated the role of age in acoustically characterizing dysarthria in children with CP. Speech samples of eight children were analyzed using various acoustic measures and compared to those of typically-developing peers. Results showed overall group differences for several acoustic measures. Additionally, the degree to which acoustic measures may differentiate children with CP and their peers is influenced by age, with various measures found to be more suitable in differentiating older affected and unaffected children (13-18 years) compared to younger ones (7-8 years). This finding suggests that age is important when selecting acoustic markers of dysarthria, with some markers constituting more sensitive measures than others.",
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Kuschmann, A & van Brenk, F 2019, Acoustic characterization of dysarthria in children with cerebral palsy: exploring age-related effects . in S Calhoun, P Escudero, M Tabain & P Warren (eds), Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. Canberra City, pp. 3031-3035, International Congress of Phonetics Sciences 2019, Melbourne, Australia, 5/08/19.

Acoustic characterization of dysarthria in children with cerebral palsy : exploring age-related effects . / Kuschmann, Anja; van Brenk, Frits.

Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. ed. / Sasha Calhoun; Paola Escudero; Marija Tabain; Paul Warren. Canberra City, 2019. p. 3031-3035.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

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N2 - The speech of children with dysarthria and cerebral palsy (CP) is characterized by respiratory, phonatory and articulatory difficulties. Whilst, traditionally, speech deviations were described perceptually, the focus has recently shifted to acoustic measures to quantify the children’s speech changes more objectively and systematically. This study investigated the role of age in acoustically characterizing dysarthria in children with CP. Speech samples of eight children were analyzed using various acoustic measures and compared to those of typically-developing peers. Results showed overall group differences for several acoustic measures. Additionally, the degree to which acoustic measures may differentiate children with CP and their peers is influenced by age, with various measures found to be more suitable in differentiating older affected and unaffected children (13-18 years) compared to younger ones (7-8 years). This finding suggests that age is important when selecting acoustic markers of dysarthria, with some markers constituting more sensitive measures than others.

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Kuschmann A, van Brenk F. Acoustic characterization of dysarthria in children with cerebral palsy: exploring age-related effects . In Calhoun S, Escudero P, Tabain M, Warren P, editors, Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. Canberra City. 2019. p. 3031-3035