Accelerated discovery of organic polymer photocatalysts for hydrogen evolution from water through the integration of experiment and theory

Yang Bai, Liam Wilbraham, Benjamin J. Slater, Martijn A. Zwijnenburg, Reiner Sebastian Sprick, Andrew I. Cooper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conjugated polymers are an emerging class of photocatalysts for hydrogen production where the large breadth of potential synthetic diversity presents both an opportunity and a challenge. Here, we integrate robotic experimentation with high-throughput computation to navigate the available structure-property space. A total of 6354 co-polymers was considered computationally, followed by the synthesis and photocatalytic characterization of a sub-library of more than 170 co-polymers. This led to the discovery of new polymers with sacrificial hydrogen evolution rates (HERs) of more than 6 mmol g-1 h-1. The variation in HER across the library does not correlate strongly with any single physical property, but a machine-learning model involving four separate properties can successfully describe up to 68% of the variation in the HER data between the different polymers. The four variables used in the model were the predicted electron affinity, the predicted ionization potential, the optical gap, and the dispersibility of the polymer particles in solution, as measured by optical transmittance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9063-9071
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume141
Issue number22
Early online date10 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • conjugated polymers
  • photocatalysts
  • hydrogen
  • hydrogen evolution rates

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