Absolute instability modes due to rescattering of stimulated Raman scattering in a large nonuniform plasma

Yao Zhao, Zhengming Sheng, Suming Weng, Shengzhe Ji, Jianqiang Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Absolute instability modes due to rescattering of SRS in a large nonuniform plasma is studied theoretically and numerically. The backscattered light of convective SRS can be considered as a pump light with a finite bandwidth. The different frequency components of the backscattered light can be coupled to develop absolute stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) and two plasmon decay (TPD) instability near their quarter-critical densities via rescattering process. The absolute SRS mode develops a Langmuir wave with a high phase velocity about c/ √3 with c the light speed in vacuum. Given that most electrons are at low velocities in the linear stage, the absolute SRS mode grows with much weak Landau damping. When the interaction evolves into the nonlinear regime, the Langmuir wave can heat abundant electrons up to a few hundred keV. Our theoretical model is validated by particle-in-cell simulations. The absolute instabilities may play a considerable role for the indirect-drive experiments of inertial confined fusion.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1-11
Number of pages11
JournalHigh Power Laser Science and Engineering
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 29 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

nonuniform plasmas
Stimulated Raman scattering
Raman spectra
Plasmas
light speed
Light velocity
Plasma stability
Landau damping
Electrons
Phase velocity
phase velocity
low speed
electrons
Fusion reactions
Damping
Pumps
Vacuum
pumps
bandwidth
Bandwidth

Keywords

  • laser plasma interactions
  • stimulated Raman scattering
  • two plasmon decay instability
  • hot electron

Cite this

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abstract = "Absolute instability modes due to rescattering of SRS in a large nonuniform plasma is studied theoretically and numerically. The backscattered light of convective SRS can be considered as a pump light with a finite bandwidth. The different frequency components of the backscattered light can be coupled to develop absolute stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) and two plasmon decay (TPD) instability near their quarter-critical densities via rescattering process. The absolute SRS mode develops a Langmuir wave with a high phase velocity about c/ √3 with c the light speed in vacuum. Given that most electrons are at low velocities in the linear stage, the absolute SRS mode grows with much weak Landau damping. When the interaction evolves into the nonlinear regime, the Langmuir wave can heat abundant electrons up to a few hundred keV. Our theoretical model is validated by particle-in-cell simulations. The absolute instabilities may play a considerable role for the indirect-drive experiments of inertial confined fusion.",
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Absolute instability modes due to rescattering of stimulated Raman scattering in a large nonuniform plasma. / Zhao, Yao; Sheng, Zhengming; Weng, Suming; Ji, Shengzhe; Zhu, Jianqiang.

In: High Power Laser Science and Engineering, 29.01.2019, p. 1-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Absolute instability modes due to rescattering of stimulated Raman scattering in a large nonuniform plasma

AU - Zhao, Yao

AU - Sheng, Zhengming

AU - Weng, Suming

AU - Ji, Shengzhe

AU - Zhu, Jianqiang

PY - 2019/1/29

Y1 - 2019/1/29

N2 - Absolute instability modes due to rescattering of SRS in a large nonuniform plasma is studied theoretically and numerically. The backscattered light of convective SRS can be considered as a pump light with a finite bandwidth. The different frequency components of the backscattered light can be coupled to develop absolute stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) and two plasmon decay (TPD) instability near their quarter-critical densities via rescattering process. The absolute SRS mode develops a Langmuir wave with a high phase velocity about c/ √3 with c the light speed in vacuum. Given that most electrons are at low velocities in the linear stage, the absolute SRS mode grows with much weak Landau damping. When the interaction evolves into the nonlinear regime, the Langmuir wave can heat abundant electrons up to a few hundred keV. Our theoretical model is validated by particle-in-cell simulations. The absolute instabilities may play a considerable role for the indirect-drive experiments of inertial confined fusion.

AB - Absolute instability modes due to rescattering of SRS in a large nonuniform plasma is studied theoretically and numerically. The backscattered light of convective SRS can be considered as a pump light with a finite bandwidth. The different frequency components of the backscattered light can be coupled to develop absolute stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) and two plasmon decay (TPD) instability near their quarter-critical densities via rescattering process. The absolute SRS mode develops a Langmuir wave with a high phase velocity about c/ √3 with c the light speed in vacuum. Given that most electrons are at low velocities in the linear stage, the absolute SRS mode grows with much weak Landau damping. When the interaction evolves into the nonlinear regime, the Langmuir wave can heat abundant electrons up to a few hundred keV. Our theoretical model is validated by particle-in-cell simulations. The absolute instabilities may play a considerable role for the indirect-drive experiments of inertial confined fusion.

KW - laser plasma interactions

KW - stimulated Raman scattering

KW - two plasmon decay instability

KW - hot electron

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