A zero-gravity instrument to study low velocity collisions of fragile particles at low temperatures

D. M. Salter, D. Heisselmann, G. Chaparro, G. van der Wolk, P. Reissaus, A. G. Borst, R. W. Dawson, E. de Kuyper, G. Drinkwater, K. Gebauer, M. Hutcheon, H. Linnartz, F. J. Molster, B. Stoll, P. C. van der Tuijn, H. J. Fraser, J. Blum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We discuss the design, operation, and performance of a vacuum setup constructed for use in zero (or reduced) gravity conditions to initiate collisions of fragile millimeter-sized particles at low velocity and temperature. Such particles are typically found in many astronomical settings and in regions of planet formation. The instrument has participated in four parabolic flight campaigns to date, operating for a total of 2.4 h in reduced-gravity conditions and successfully recording over 300 separate collisions of loosely packed dust aggregates and ice samples. The imparted particle velocities achieved range from 0.03 to 0.28 m s(-1) and a high-speed, high-resolution camera captures the events at 107 frames/s from two viewing angles separated by either 48.8 degrees or 60.0 degrees. The particles can be stored inside the experiment vacuum chamber at temperatures of 80-300 K for several uninterrupted hours using a built-in thermal accumulation system. The copper structure allows cooling down to cryogenic temperatures before commencement of the experiments. Throughout the parabolic flight campaigns, add-ons and modifications have been made, illustrating the instrument flexibility in the study of small particle collisions.
LanguageEnglish
Article number074501
Number of pages8
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Volume80
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009

Fingerprint

weightlessness
low speed
Gravitation
parabolic flight
collisions
microgravity
Vacuum
Planets
Cryogenics
Temperature
Particles (particulate matter)
particle collisions
Ice
Dust
cryogenic temperature
vacuum chambers
Experiments
Cameras
Cooling
Copper

Keywords

  • cryogenics
  • dust
  • high-speed techniques
  • ice
  • vacuum apparatus
  • zero gravity experiments
  • low-temperature detectors
  • refrigerators

Cite this

Salter, D. M., Heisselmann, D., Chaparro, G., van der Wolk, G., Reissaus, P., Borst, A. G., ... Blum, J. (2009). A zero-gravity instrument to study low velocity collisions of fragile particles at low temperatures. Review of Scientific Instruments, 80(7), [074501]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3155508
Salter, D. M. ; Heisselmann, D. ; Chaparro, G. ; van der Wolk, G. ; Reissaus, P. ; Borst, A. G. ; Dawson, R. W. ; de Kuyper, E. ; Drinkwater, G. ; Gebauer, K. ; Hutcheon, M. ; Linnartz, H. ; Molster, F. J. ; Stoll, B. ; van der Tuijn, P. C. ; Fraser, H. J. ; Blum, J. / A zero-gravity instrument to study low velocity collisions of fragile particles at low temperatures. In: Review of Scientific Instruments. 2009 ; Vol. 80, No. 7.
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Salter, DM, Heisselmann, D, Chaparro, G, van der Wolk, G, Reissaus, P, Borst, AG, Dawson, RW, de Kuyper, E, Drinkwater, G, Gebauer, K, Hutcheon, M, Linnartz, H, Molster, FJ, Stoll, B, van der Tuijn, PC, Fraser, HJ & Blum, J 2009, 'A zero-gravity instrument to study low velocity collisions of fragile particles at low temperatures' Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 80, no. 7, 074501. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3155508

A zero-gravity instrument to study low velocity collisions of fragile particles at low temperatures. / Salter, D. M.; Heisselmann, D.; Chaparro, G.; van der Wolk, G.; Reissaus, P.; Borst, A. G.; Dawson, R. W.; de Kuyper, E.; Drinkwater, G.; Gebauer, K.; Hutcheon, M.; Linnartz, H.; Molster, F. J.; Stoll, B.; van der Tuijn, P. C.; Fraser, H. J.; Blum, J.

In: Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 80, No. 7, 074501, 07.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A zero-gravity instrument to study low velocity collisions of fragile particles at low temperatures

AU - Salter, D. M.

AU - Heisselmann, D.

AU - Chaparro, G.

AU - van der Wolk, G.

AU - Reissaus, P.

AU - Borst, A. G.

AU - Dawson, R. W.

AU - de Kuyper, E.

AU - Drinkwater, G.

AU - Gebauer, K.

AU - Hutcheon, M.

AU - Linnartz, H.

AU - Molster, F. J.

AU - Stoll, B.

AU - van der Tuijn, P. C.

AU - Fraser, H. J.

AU - Blum, J.

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Y1 - 2009/7

N2 - We discuss the design, operation, and performance of a vacuum setup constructed for use in zero (or reduced) gravity conditions to initiate collisions of fragile millimeter-sized particles at low velocity and temperature. Such particles are typically found in many astronomical settings and in regions of planet formation. The instrument has participated in four parabolic flight campaigns to date, operating for a total of 2.4 h in reduced-gravity conditions and successfully recording over 300 separate collisions of loosely packed dust aggregates and ice samples. The imparted particle velocities achieved range from 0.03 to 0.28 m s(-1) and a high-speed, high-resolution camera captures the events at 107 frames/s from two viewing angles separated by either 48.8 degrees or 60.0 degrees. The particles can be stored inside the experiment vacuum chamber at temperatures of 80-300 K for several uninterrupted hours using a built-in thermal accumulation system. The copper structure allows cooling down to cryogenic temperatures before commencement of the experiments. Throughout the parabolic flight campaigns, add-ons and modifications have been made, illustrating the instrument flexibility in the study of small particle collisions.

AB - We discuss the design, operation, and performance of a vacuum setup constructed for use in zero (or reduced) gravity conditions to initiate collisions of fragile millimeter-sized particles at low velocity and temperature. Such particles are typically found in many astronomical settings and in regions of planet formation. The instrument has participated in four parabolic flight campaigns to date, operating for a total of 2.4 h in reduced-gravity conditions and successfully recording over 300 separate collisions of loosely packed dust aggregates and ice samples. The imparted particle velocities achieved range from 0.03 to 0.28 m s(-1) and a high-speed, high-resolution camera captures the events at 107 frames/s from two viewing angles separated by either 48.8 degrees or 60.0 degrees. The particles can be stored inside the experiment vacuum chamber at temperatures of 80-300 K for several uninterrupted hours using a built-in thermal accumulation system. The copper structure allows cooling down to cryogenic temperatures before commencement of the experiments. Throughout the parabolic flight campaigns, add-ons and modifications have been made, illustrating the instrument flexibility in the study of small particle collisions.

KW - cryogenics

KW - dust

KW - high-speed techniques

KW - ice

KW - vacuum apparatus

KW - zero gravity experiments

KW - low-temperature detectors

KW - refrigerators

U2 - 10.1063/1.3155508

DO - 10.1063/1.3155508

M3 - Article

VL - 80

JO - Review of Scientific Instruments

T2 - Review of Scientific Instruments

JF - Review of Scientific Instruments

SN - 0034-6748

IS - 7

M1 - 074501

ER -

Salter DM, Heisselmann D, Chaparro G, van der Wolk G, Reissaus P, Borst AG et al. A zero-gravity instrument to study low velocity collisions of fragile particles at low temperatures. Review of Scientific Instruments. 2009 Jul;80(7). 074501. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3155508