In this paper, the distinction between material ratchetting and structural ratchetting is clarified, and the concept of constant life diagram is extended to depict low cycle fatigue life boundary in structural design. To provide a novel one-stop solution for structural fatigue and ratchetting problems, a Unified Procedure for Fatigue and Ratchet Analysis (UPFRA) has been proposed. The UPFRA has been successfully applied to two different engineering structures considering complex geometry and temperature-dependent material properties. By comparing the results with ABAQUS step-by-step inelastic analysis, the UPFRA has been verified to be a robust engineering tool with great accuracy, usability, and efficiency.
- low cycle fatigue
- direct methods
- linear matching method
- unified procedure for fatigue and ratchet analysis