A triangulation approach for design research

Wenjuan Wang, Alex H.B. Duffy, University of Strathclyde Scholarship (Funder)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Triangulation has been adopted in social science in the study of the same phenomenon through applying and combining several data sources, research methods, investigators, and theoretical schemes. From a post-positivism view point, this paper presents a triangulation approach in design research from two perspectives, data sources and research methods. Data triangulation was achieved through collecting data from multiple sources including company design documents, student design projects, and company design projects. Different research methods, e.g. interview, content analysis, protocol analysis, and questionnaire, were used to conduct data collection and analysis into a particular aspect of design, the nature of coupling design artefact and process knowledge. It was found that triangulation can provide an effective means for design research.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of ICED'09
Number of pages11
Volume2: Design research and methodology
Publication statusPublished - 24 Aug 2009


  • design research
  • research methodology
  • triangulation
  • research philosophy
  • post-positivism

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