A systematic review of protocol studies on conceptual design cognition

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

This paper reports the first systematic review and synthesis of protocol studies on conceptual design cognition. 47 protocol studies from the domains of architectural design, engineering design, and product de-sign engineering were reviewed towards answering the following re-search question: What is our current understanding of the cognitive processes involved in conceptual design tasks carried out by individual designers? Studies were found to reflect three viewpoints on the cognitive nature of designing, namely: design as search; design as ex-ploration; and design activities. Synthesising the findings of individual studies yielded a classification of cognitive processes involved in con-ceptual design tasks, described in different terms across different viewpoints. Towards a common terminology, these processes are posi-tioned within the cognitive psychology literature, revealing seven basic types of process that appear to be fundamental to designing across all viewpoints: memory (working and long term); visual perception; men-tal imagery; attention; semantic association; cognitive control; and higher-order processes, e.g. analysis and reasoning. The development of common cognitive models of conceptual design, grounded in a sci-entifically rigorous understanding of design cognition, is identified as an avenue for future research.

Conference

Conference7th International Conference on Design Computing and Cognition
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityChicago
Period27/06/1629/06/16

Fingerprint

Conceptual design
Cognition
Visual Perception
Long-Term Memory
Imagery (Psychotherapy)
Semantics
Terminology
Psychology
Architectural design
Association reactions
Data storage equipment

Keywords

  • cognitive processes
  • cognitive psychology
  • conceptual design
  • design activities
  • design cognition
  • design science
  • protocol analysis
  • think aloud
  • systematic review

Cite this

Hay, L., McTeague, C., Duffy, A. H. B., Pidgeon, L. M., Vuletic, T., & Grealy, M. (2016). A systematic review of protocol studies on conceptual design cognition. Paper presented at 7th International Conference on Design Computing and Cognition, Chicago, United Kingdom.
Hay, Laura ; McTeague, Christopher ; Duffy, Alex H. B. ; Pidgeon, Laura M. ; Vuletic, Tijana ; Grealy, Madeleine. / A systematic review of protocol studies on conceptual design cognition. Paper presented at 7th International Conference on Design Computing and Cognition, Chicago, United Kingdom.20 p.
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abstract = "This paper reports the first systematic review and synthesis of protocol studies on conceptual design cognition. 47 protocol studies from the domains of architectural design, engineering design, and product de-sign engineering were reviewed towards answering the following re-search question: What is our current understanding of the cognitive processes involved in conceptual design tasks carried out by individual designers? Studies were found to reflect three viewpoints on the cognitive nature of designing, namely: design as search; design as ex-ploration; and design activities. Synthesising the findings of individual studies yielded a classification of cognitive processes involved in con-ceptual design tasks, described in different terms across different viewpoints. Towards a common terminology, these processes are posi-tioned within the cognitive psychology literature, revealing seven basic types of process that appear to be fundamental to designing across all viewpoints: memory (working and long term); visual perception; men-tal imagery; attention; semantic association; cognitive control; and higher-order processes, e.g. analysis and reasoning. The development of common cognitive models of conceptual design, grounded in a sci-entifically rigorous understanding of design cognition, is identified as an avenue for future research.",
keywords = "cognitive processes, cognitive psychology, conceptual design, design activities, design cognition, design science, protocol analysis, think aloud, systematic review",
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note = "7th International Conference on Design Computing and Cognition ; Conference date: 27-06-2016 Through 29-06-2016",

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Hay, L, McTeague, C, Duffy, AHB, Pidgeon, LM, Vuletic, T & Grealy, M 2016, 'A systematic review of protocol studies on conceptual design cognition' Paper presented at 7th International Conference on Design Computing and Cognition, Chicago, United Kingdom, 27/06/16 - 29/06/16, .

A systematic review of protocol studies on conceptual design cognition. / Hay, Laura; McTeague, Christopher; Duffy, Alex H. B.; Pidgeon, Laura M.; Vuletic, Tijana; Grealy, Madeleine.

2016. Paper presented at 7th International Conference on Design Computing and Cognition, Chicago, United Kingdom.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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AU - McTeague, Christopher

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N2 - This paper reports the first systematic review and synthesis of protocol studies on conceptual design cognition. 47 protocol studies from the domains of architectural design, engineering design, and product de-sign engineering were reviewed towards answering the following re-search question: What is our current understanding of the cognitive processes involved in conceptual design tasks carried out by individual designers? Studies were found to reflect three viewpoints on the cognitive nature of designing, namely: design as search; design as ex-ploration; and design activities. Synthesising the findings of individual studies yielded a classification of cognitive processes involved in con-ceptual design tasks, described in different terms across different viewpoints. Towards a common terminology, these processes are posi-tioned within the cognitive psychology literature, revealing seven basic types of process that appear to be fundamental to designing across all viewpoints: memory (working and long term); visual perception; men-tal imagery; attention; semantic association; cognitive control; and higher-order processes, e.g. analysis and reasoning. The development of common cognitive models of conceptual design, grounded in a sci-entifically rigorous understanding of design cognition, is identified as an avenue for future research.

AB - This paper reports the first systematic review and synthesis of protocol studies on conceptual design cognition. 47 protocol studies from the domains of architectural design, engineering design, and product de-sign engineering were reviewed towards answering the following re-search question: What is our current understanding of the cognitive processes involved in conceptual design tasks carried out by individual designers? Studies were found to reflect three viewpoints on the cognitive nature of designing, namely: design as search; design as ex-ploration; and design activities. Synthesising the findings of individual studies yielded a classification of cognitive processes involved in con-ceptual design tasks, described in different terms across different viewpoints. Towards a common terminology, these processes are posi-tioned within the cognitive psychology literature, revealing seven basic types of process that appear to be fundamental to designing across all viewpoints: memory (working and long term); visual perception; men-tal imagery; attention; semantic association; cognitive control; and higher-order processes, e.g. analysis and reasoning. The development of common cognitive models of conceptual design, grounded in a sci-entifically rigorous understanding of design cognition, is identified as an avenue for future research.

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Hay L, McTeague C, Duffy AHB, Pidgeon LM, Vuletic T, Grealy M. A systematic review of protocol studies on conceptual design cognition. 2016. Paper presented at 7th International Conference on Design Computing and Cognition, Chicago, United Kingdom.