A study on the Wind-Induced Flutter Energy Harvester (WIFEH) integration into buildings

Angelo I. Aquino, John Kaiser Calautit, Ben Richard Hughes

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

2 Citations (Scopus)
7 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In this modern age, low-energy devices are pervasive especially when considering their applications in the built-environment. This study investigates the potential building integration and energy harnessing capabilities of the Wind-Induced Flutter Energy Harvester (WIFEH)-a microgenerator intended to provide energy for low-powered applications. The work presents the experimental investigation of the WIFEH inside a wind tunnel and a case study using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modelling of a building integrated with a WIFEH system. The experiments examined the WIFEH under various wind tunnel wind speeds varying between 2.3 up to 10 m/s in order to gauge the induced voltage generation capability of the device. The WIFEH was able to generate an RMS voltage of 3 V, peak-to-peak voltage of 8.72 V and short-circuit current of 1 mA when subjected to airflow of 2.3 m/s. With an increase of wind velocity to 5 m/s and subsequent membrane retensioning, the RMS and peak-to-peak voltages and short-circuit current also increase to 4.88 V, 18.2 V, and 3.75 mA, respectively. The simulation used a gable-roof type building model with a 27° pitch obtained from the literature. For the CFD modelling integrating the WIFEH into a building, the apex of the roof of the building yielded the highest power output for the device due to flow speed-up maximisation in this region. This location produced the largest power output under the 45° angle of approach, generating an estimated 62.4 mW of power under accelerated wind in device position of up to 6.2 m/s. The method and results presented in this work could be useful for the further investigation of the integration of the WIFEH in the urban environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-327
Number of pages7
JournalEnergy Procedia
Volume142
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2017
Event9th International Conference on Applied Energy, ICAE 2017 - Cardiff, United Kingdom
Duration: 21 Aug 201724 Aug 2017

Fingerprint

Harvesters
Electric potential
Short circuit currents
Roofs
Wind tunnels
Computational fluid dynamics
Gages
Membranes

Keywords

  • aeroelastic flutter
  • airflow
  • buildings
  • computational fluid dynamics (CFD)
  • simulation
  • wind
  • wind belt

Cite this

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title = "A study on the Wind-Induced Flutter Energy Harvester (WIFEH) integration into buildings",
abstract = "In this modern age, low-energy devices are pervasive especially when considering their applications in the built-environment. This study investigates the potential building integration and energy harnessing capabilities of the Wind-Induced Flutter Energy Harvester (WIFEH)-a microgenerator intended to provide energy for low-powered applications. The work presents the experimental investigation of the WIFEH inside a wind tunnel and a case study using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modelling of a building integrated with a WIFEH system. The experiments examined the WIFEH under various wind tunnel wind speeds varying between 2.3 up to 10 m/s in order to gauge the induced voltage generation capability of the device. The WIFEH was able to generate an RMS voltage of 3 V, peak-to-peak voltage of 8.72 V and short-circuit current of 1 mA when subjected to airflow of 2.3 m/s. With an increase of wind velocity to 5 m/s and subsequent membrane retensioning, the RMS and peak-to-peak voltages and short-circuit current also increase to 4.88 V, 18.2 V, and 3.75 mA, respectively. The simulation used a gable-roof type building model with a 27° pitch obtained from the literature. For the CFD modelling integrating the WIFEH into a building, the apex of the roof of the building yielded the highest power output for the device due to flow speed-up maximisation in this region. This location produced the largest power output under the 45° angle of approach, generating an estimated 62.4 mW of power under accelerated wind in device position of up to 6.2 m/s. The method and results presented in this work could be useful for the further investigation of the integration of the WIFEH in the urban environment.",
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A study on the Wind-Induced Flutter Energy Harvester (WIFEH) integration into buildings. / Aquino, Angelo I.; Calautit, John Kaiser; Hughes, Ben Richard.

In: Energy Procedia, Vol. 142, 31.12.2017, p. 321-327.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

TY - JOUR

T1 - A study on the Wind-Induced Flutter Energy Harvester (WIFEH) integration into buildings

AU - Aquino, Angelo I.

AU - Calautit, John Kaiser

AU - Hughes, Ben Richard

PY - 2017/12/31

Y1 - 2017/12/31

N2 - In this modern age, low-energy devices are pervasive especially when considering their applications in the built-environment. This study investigates the potential building integration and energy harnessing capabilities of the Wind-Induced Flutter Energy Harvester (WIFEH)-a microgenerator intended to provide energy for low-powered applications. The work presents the experimental investigation of the WIFEH inside a wind tunnel and a case study using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modelling of a building integrated with a WIFEH system. The experiments examined the WIFEH under various wind tunnel wind speeds varying between 2.3 up to 10 m/s in order to gauge the induced voltage generation capability of the device. The WIFEH was able to generate an RMS voltage of 3 V, peak-to-peak voltage of 8.72 V and short-circuit current of 1 mA when subjected to airflow of 2.3 m/s. With an increase of wind velocity to 5 m/s and subsequent membrane retensioning, the RMS and peak-to-peak voltages and short-circuit current also increase to 4.88 V, 18.2 V, and 3.75 mA, respectively. The simulation used a gable-roof type building model with a 27° pitch obtained from the literature. For the CFD modelling integrating the WIFEH into a building, the apex of the roof of the building yielded the highest power output for the device due to flow speed-up maximisation in this region. This location produced the largest power output under the 45° angle of approach, generating an estimated 62.4 mW of power under accelerated wind in device position of up to 6.2 m/s. The method and results presented in this work could be useful for the further investigation of the integration of the WIFEH in the urban environment.

AB - In this modern age, low-energy devices are pervasive especially when considering their applications in the built-environment. This study investigates the potential building integration and energy harnessing capabilities of the Wind-Induced Flutter Energy Harvester (WIFEH)-a microgenerator intended to provide energy for low-powered applications. The work presents the experimental investigation of the WIFEH inside a wind tunnel and a case study using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modelling of a building integrated with a WIFEH system. The experiments examined the WIFEH under various wind tunnel wind speeds varying between 2.3 up to 10 m/s in order to gauge the induced voltage generation capability of the device. The WIFEH was able to generate an RMS voltage of 3 V, peak-to-peak voltage of 8.72 V and short-circuit current of 1 mA when subjected to airflow of 2.3 m/s. With an increase of wind velocity to 5 m/s and subsequent membrane retensioning, the RMS and peak-to-peak voltages and short-circuit current also increase to 4.88 V, 18.2 V, and 3.75 mA, respectively. The simulation used a gable-roof type building model with a 27° pitch obtained from the literature. For the CFD modelling integrating the WIFEH into a building, the apex of the roof of the building yielded the highest power output for the device due to flow speed-up maximisation in this region. This location produced the largest power output under the 45° angle of approach, generating an estimated 62.4 mW of power under accelerated wind in device position of up to 6.2 m/s. The method and results presented in this work could be useful for the further investigation of the integration of the WIFEH in the urban environment.

KW - aeroelastic flutter

KW - airflow

KW - buildings

KW - computational fluid dynamics (CFD)

KW - simulation

KW - wind

KW - wind belt

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UR - https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/energy-procedia

U2 - 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.12.051

DO - 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.12.051

M3 - Conference article

VL - 142

SP - 321

EP - 327

JO - Energy Procedia

JF - Energy Procedia

SN - 1876-6102

ER -