A study of the relative importance of lipophilic, π-π and dipole-dipole interactions on cyanopropyl, phenyl and alkyl LC phases bonded onto the same base silica

Catherine Markopoulou, Tracey Tweedle, D.G. Watson, G.G. Skellern, Houssam Reda, Patrik Petersson, Hannah Bradstock, Melvin R. Euerby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cyano (CN), butyl (C4), phenyl and octadecyl (C18) phases prepared from the same base silica gel were chromatographically characterized in order to assess the relative importance of lipophilic, π-π and dipole-dipole interactions in governing retention on these differing phases. Dipole interactions of analytes (possessing dipole moments and low lipophilicity) with CN phases were primarily responsible for the elution order. However, as the analytes' lipophilicity increased, the lipophilic interaction predominated over the dipole interaction. In comparison, retention on the phenyl phase appeared to be complex, being controlled by a mixture of lipophilic, π-π and dipole-dipole interactions. Retention on the C4 and C18 phases was dictated by the analyte's lipophilicity and its accessibility into the phase.
LanguageEnglish
Pages705-715
Number of pages10
JournalChromatographia
Volume70
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009

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Silica Gel
Dipole moment
Silicon Dioxide

Keywords

  • column liquid chromatography
  • retention behaviour and phase stability
  • lipophilic interactions
  • π–π interactions
  • dipole–dipole interactions
  • cyano phenyl and alkyl phases

Cite this

Markopoulou, Catherine ; Tweedle, Tracey ; Watson, D.G. ; Skellern, G.G. ; Reda, Houssam ; Petersson, Patrik ; Bradstock, Hannah ; Euerby, Melvin R. / A study of the relative importance of lipophilic, π-π and dipole-dipole interactions on cyanopropyl, phenyl and alkyl LC phases bonded onto the same base silica. In: Chromatographia. 2009 ; Vol. 70, No. 5-6. pp. 705-715.
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title = "A study of the relative importance of lipophilic, π-π and dipole-dipole interactions on cyanopropyl, phenyl and alkyl LC phases bonded onto the same base silica",
abstract = "Cyano (CN), butyl (C4), phenyl and octadecyl (C18) phases prepared from the same base silica gel were chromatographically characterized in order to assess the relative importance of lipophilic, π-π and dipole-dipole interactions in governing retention on these differing phases. Dipole interactions of analytes (possessing dipole moments and low lipophilicity) with CN phases were primarily responsible for the elution order. However, as the analytes' lipophilicity increased, the lipophilic interaction predominated over the dipole interaction. In comparison, retention on the phenyl phase appeared to be complex, being controlled by a mixture of lipophilic, π-π and dipole-dipole interactions. Retention on the C4 and C18 phases was dictated by the analyte's lipophilicity and its accessibility into the phase.",
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A study of the relative importance of lipophilic, π-π and dipole-dipole interactions on cyanopropyl, phenyl and alkyl LC phases bonded onto the same base silica. / Markopoulou, Catherine; Tweedle, Tracey; Watson, D.G.; Skellern, G.G.; Reda, Houssam; Petersson, Patrik; Bradstock, Hannah; Euerby, Melvin R.

In: Chromatographia, Vol. 70, No. 5-6, 09.2009, p. 705-715.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A study of the relative importance of lipophilic, π-π and dipole-dipole interactions on cyanopropyl, phenyl and alkyl LC phases bonded onto the same base silica

AU - Markopoulou, Catherine

AU - Tweedle, Tracey

AU - Watson, D.G.

AU - Skellern, G.G.

AU - Reda, Houssam

AU - Petersson, Patrik

AU - Bradstock, Hannah

AU - Euerby, Melvin R.

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Y1 - 2009/9

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KW - column liquid chromatography

KW - retention behaviour and phase stability

KW - lipophilic interactions

KW - π–π interactions

KW - dipole–dipole interactions

KW - cyano phenyl and alkyl phases

UR - http://www.chromatographia.de/

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1365/s10337-009-1224-7

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M3 - Article

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