A study of raindrop impacts on a wind turbine material: velocity and impact angle effects on erosion MAPS at various exposure times

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Abstract

Within renewable energy, challenging climates can impose great limitations on power generation. In wind energy, rain erosion on turbine blades can create major disruptions to air flow over the aerofoil, reducing the efficiency of the blade and immediately affecting the power output of the turbine. The defects in the materials that cause these inefficiencies are known and can be observed on turbines that have been in operation for extended periods. This work explores the transitions between different wear states for G10 Epoxy Glass under laboratory simulated wind turbine conditions in operation and measures the wear periodically to identify a progression of erosion. Mass loss data and micrographic analysis revealed samples at 45° and 60° displayed increasing erosion when examining erosion performance for angles between 15° and 90° over various exposure and velocities. Erosion maps were constructed, showing the variation of wastage and identifying the performance window of conditions where degradation is minimised.
Original languageEnglish
Article number60
Number of pages12
JournalLubricants
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • composites
  • erosion
  • energy
  • wind
  • maps
  • turbine

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