A Story of 2.0 Texts and of the Landing of the Paris Agreement

Research output: Working paper

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The Paris Agreement provides much needed momentum to the international climate change regime by providing a legal and policy platform for climate change action for the years to come. The negotiations leading to such an outcome were not easy, and a successful outcome was reached only because Parties were ready to compromise in order to secure a final agreement. The French Presidency of COP21 has repeatedly called for landing zones to be found on the most difficult areas of the negotiations. This paper compares the final Paris Agreement with the last Draft Text that was released on Thursday 10th December. It suggests that three areas of contention in the negotiations (cooperative mechanisms, loss and damage and transparency), reveal that the common red line was always differentiation between developed and developing countries.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationGlasgow
PublisherUniversity of Strathclyde
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2015

Publication series

NameStrathclyde Centre for Environmental Law & Governance Working Paper
PublisherUniversity of Strathclyde


  • Paris Agreement
  • climate change regime
  • international law
  • environmental law


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