A spline wavelet collection method for the optimal control of flexible spacecraft

Qingbin Zhang, Zhiwei Feng, Qiangang Tang, Malcolm Macdonald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A spline wavelet collocation method is presented to solve optimal control problem (OCP) of flexible spacecraft, which is often required to reorient and reposition with minimum manoeuvre time or fuel consumption. It is very difficult and computationally expensive to determine the open-loop optimal control inputs for flexible spacecraft, because the optimal control profile is often characterised by discontinuities or switching in the control variables. In our approach, the state and control variables are expanded via cubic spline wavelet decomposition, and then an OCP would be converted into a nonlinear programming problem where the wavelet coefficients are treated as the optimisation variables. As opposed to the usual pseudospectral method based on polynomial approximation, the wavelet advantageous properties of compact representation would inherently make it efficiently and accurately to solve nonlinear programming problem using standard solver. The novel approach is demonstrated by two typical optimal problems. The results show that our
approach outperforms Gauss pseudospectral method for discontinuous OCPs arising from the flexible spacecraft.
LanguageEnglish
Pages163-171
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering
Volume299
Issue number1
Early online date31 Mar 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015

Fingerprint

Flexible spacecraft
Splines
Nonlinear programming
Polynomial approximation
Wavelet decomposition
Fuel consumption

Keywords

  • spline wavelet
  • flexible spacecraft
  • optimal control problem
  • direct method
  • wavelet collocation method

Cite this

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abstract = "A spline wavelet collocation method is presented to solve optimal control problem (OCP) of flexible spacecraft, which is often required to reorient and reposition with minimum manoeuvre time or fuel consumption. It is very difficult and computationally expensive to determine the open-loop optimal control inputs for flexible spacecraft, because the optimal control profile is often characterised by discontinuities or switching in the control variables. In our approach, the state and control variables are expanded via cubic spline wavelet decomposition, and then an OCP would be converted into a nonlinear programming problem where the wavelet coefficients are treated as the optimisation variables. As opposed to the usual pseudospectral method based on polynomial approximation, the wavelet advantageous properties of compact representation would inherently make it efficiently and accurately to solve nonlinear programming problem using standard solver. The novel approach is demonstrated by two typical optimal problems. The results show that ourapproach outperforms Gauss pseudospectral method for discontinuous OCPs arising from the flexible spacecraft.",
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A spline wavelet collection method for the optimal control of flexible spacecraft. / Zhang, Qingbin; Feng, Zhiwei; Tang, Qiangang; Macdonald, Malcolm.

In: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering , Vol. 299, No. 1, 01.2015, p. 163-171.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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