A smartphone-based application improves the accuracy, completeness, and timeliness of cattle disease reporting and surveillance in Ethiopia

Tariku Jibat Beyene, Fentahun Asfaw, Yitbarek Getachew, Takele Beyene Tufa, Iain Collins, Ashenafi Feyisa Beyi, Crawford W. Revie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Accurate disease reporting, ideally in near real time, is a prerequisite to detecting disease outbreaks and implementing appropriate measures for their control. This study compared the performance of the traditional paper-based approach to animal disease reporting in Ethiopia to one using an application running on smartphones. In the traditional approach, the total number of cases for each disease or syndrome was aggregated by animal species and reported to each administrative level at monthly intervals; while in the case of the smartphone application demographic information, a detailed list of presenting signs, in addition to the putative disease diagnosis were immediately available to all administrative levels via a Cloud-based server. While the smartphone-based approach resulted in much more timely reporting, there were delays due to limited connectivity; these ranged on average from 2 days (in well-connected areas) up to 13 days (in more rural locations). We outline the challenges that would likely be associated with any widespread rollout of a smartphone-based approach such as the one described in this study but demonstrate that in the long run the approach offers significant benefits in terms of timeliness of disease reporting, improved data integrity and greatly improved animal disease surveillance.

LanguageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalFrontiers in Veterinary Science
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jan 2018

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Cattle Diseases
Ethiopia
cattle diseases
Smartphones
animal diseases
Animal Diseases
disease surveillance
monitoring
disease diagnosis
control methods
demographic statistics
Animals
Disease Outbreaks
animals
Research Design
Demography
Smartphone
Servers

Keywords

  • disease outbreaks
  • disease reporting
  • Ethiopia
  • smartphone
  • cattle

Cite this

Beyene, Tariku Jibat ; Asfaw, Fentahun ; Getachew, Yitbarek ; Tufa, Takele Beyene ; Collins, Iain ; Beyi, Ashenafi Feyisa ; Revie, Crawford W. / A smartphone-based application improves the accuracy, completeness, and timeliness of cattle disease reporting and surveillance in Ethiopia. In: Frontiers in Veterinary Science. 2018 ; Vol. 5.
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A smartphone-based application improves the accuracy, completeness, and timeliness of cattle disease reporting and surveillance in Ethiopia. / Beyene, Tariku Jibat; Asfaw, Fentahun; Getachew, Yitbarek; Tufa, Takele Beyene; Collins, Iain; Beyi, Ashenafi Feyisa; Revie, Crawford W.

In: Frontiers in Veterinary Science, Vol. 5, 16.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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