A simulation-model for genetic-resistance to acaricides in the African brown ear tick, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (Acarina: Ixodidae)

G. Gettinby, R.M. Newson, M.M.J. Calpin, G. Paton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Network representations and computer modelling techniques were used to develop a framework in which to investigate the relationship between tick resistance to acaricides and genetic fitness. The computer model simulated the day-to-day occurrences experienced by ticks and allowed constants relating to the efficacy of acaricide dipping, and survival and development of the tick, in different stages, to be varied. Results are presented on the mean number of years taken for resistance to appear in a population of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus, maintained under climatic conditions similar to those experienced by ticks in the highlands of Kenya. The computer model which was employed also made it possible to study chemical resistance in other parasite systems, by changing constants regarding the species and the nature of the chemical control.
LanguageEnglish
Pages183-197
Number of pages14
JournalPreventive Veterinary Medicine
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1988

Fingerprint

Otobius megnini
Acaricides
Rhipicephalus
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus
Ixodidae
Genetic Models
acaricides
genetic resistance
Ticks
Ear
ticks
Acari
simulation models
computer simulation
Computer Simulation
Genetic Fitness
Kenya
biological resistance
dipping
chemical control

Keywords

  • computer modelling techniques
  • tick resistance
  • acaricides
  • genetic fitness
  • Rhipicephalus appendiculatus
  • Kenya
  • chemical resistance
  • parasite systems

Cite this

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abstract = "Network representations and computer modelling techniques were used to develop a framework in which to investigate the relationship between tick resistance to acaricides and genetic fitness. The computer model simulated the day-to-day occurrences experienced by ticks and allowed constants relating to the efficacy of acaricide dipping, and survival and development of the tick, in different stages, to be varied. Results are presented on the mean number of years taken for resistance to appear in a population of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus, maintained under climatic conditions similar to those experienced by ticks in the highlands of Kenya. The computer model which was employed also made it possible to study chemical resistance in other parasite systems, by changing constants regarding the species and the nature of the chemical control.",
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A simulation-model for genetic-resistance to acaricides in the African brown ear tick, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (Acarina: Ixodidae). / Gettinby, G.; Newson, R.M.; Calpin, M.M.J.; Paton, G.

In: Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 6, No. 3, 09.1988, p. 183-197.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - A simulation-model for genetic-resistance to acaricides in the African brown ear tick, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (Acarina: Ixodidae)

AU - Gettinby, G.

AU - Newson, R.M.

AU - Calpin, M.M.J.

AU - Paton, G.

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AB - Network representations and computer modelling techniques were used to develop a framework in which to investigate the relationship between tick resistance to acaricides and genetic fitness. The computer model simulated the day-to-day occurrences experienced by ticks and allowed constants relating to the efficacy of acaricide dipping, and survival and development of the tick, in different stages, to be varied. Results are presented on the mean number of years taken for resistance to appear in a population of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus, maintained under climatic conditions similar to those experienced by ticks in the highlands of Kenya. The computer model which was employed also made it possible to study chemical resistance in other parasite systems, by changing constants regarding the species and the nature of the chemical control.

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KW - tick resistance

KW - acaricides

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