A self-commissioning notch filter for active damping in a three-phase LCL-filter-based grid-tie converter

Rafael Pena-Alzola, Marco Liserre, Frede Blaabjerg, Martin Ordonez, Tamas Kerekes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

94 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

LCL-filters are a cost-effective solution to mitigate harmonic current content in grid-tie converters. In order to avoid stability problems, the resonance frequency of LCL-filters can be damped with active techniques that remove dissipative elements but increase control complexity. A notch filter provides an effective solution, however tuning the filter requires considerable design effort and the variations in the grid impedance limit the LCL-filter robustness. This paper proposes a straightforward tuning procedure for a notch filter self-commissioning. In order to account for the grid inductance variations, the resonance frequency is estimated and later used for tuning the notch filter. An estimation for the maximum value of the proportional gain to excite the resonance is provided. The resonance frequency is calculated using the Goertzel algorithm, which requires little extra computational resources in the existing control processor. The discrete Fourier transform coefficients are therefore obtained, with less calculations than the running sum implementation and less memory requirements than with the fast Fourier transform (FFT). Thus, the self-commissioning technique is robust to grid impedance variations due to its ability to tune the grid-tie inverter on-site. Finally, the analysis is validated with both simulation and experiments.

LanguageEnglish
Pages6754-6761
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Volume29
Issue number12
Early online date4 Feb 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Notch filters
Damping
Tuning
Discrete Fourier transforms
Inductance
Fast Fourier transforms
Data storage equipment
Costs
Experiments

Keywords

  • active damping
  • autotuning
  • converter control
  • pulse width modulation (PWM)

Cite this

Pena-Alzola, Rafael ; Liserre, Marco ; Blaabjerg, Frede ; Ordonez, Martin ; Kerekes, Tamas. / A self-commissioning notch filter for active damping in a three-phase LCL-filter-based grid-tie converter. In: IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics. 2014 ; Vol. 29, No. 12. pp. 6754-6761.
@article{9c62c61b875e4a0c90d8f4e1a85d01ad,
title = "A self-commissioning notch filter for active damping in a three-phase LCL-filter-based grid-tie converter",
abstract = "LCL-filters are a cost-effective solution to mitigate harmonic current content in grid-tie converters. In order to avoid stability problems, the resonance frequency of LCL-filters can be damped with active techniques that remove dissipative elements but increase control complexity. A notch filter provides an effective solution, however tuning the filter requires considerable design effort and the variations in the grid impedance limit the LCL-filter robustness. This paper proposes a straightforward tuning procedure for a notch filter self-commissioning. In order to account for the grid inductance variations, the resonance frequency is estimated and later used for tuning the notch filter. An estimation for the maximum value of the proportional gain to excite the resonance is provided. The resonance frequency is calculated using the Goertzel algorithm, which requires little extra computational resources in the existing control processor. The discrete Fourier transform coefficients are therefore obtained, with less calculations than the running sum implementation and less memory requirements than with the fast Fourier transform (FFT). Thus, the self-commissioning technique is robust to grid impedance variations due to its ability to tune the grid-tie inverter on-site. Finally, the analysis is validated with both simulation and experiments.",
keywords = "active damping, autotuning, converter control, pulse width modulation (PWM)",
author = "Rafael Pena-Alzola and Marco Liserre and Frede Blaabjerg and Martin Ordonez and Tamas Kerekes",
year = "2014",
month = "12",
day = "31",
doi = "10.1109/TPEL.2014.2304468",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
pages = "6754--6761",
journal = "IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics",
issn = "0885-8993",
number = "12",

}

A self-commissioning notch filter for active damping in a three-phase LCL-filter-based grid-tie converter. / Pena-Alzola, Rafael; Liserre, Marco; Blaabjerg, Frede; Ordonez, Martin; Kerekes, Tamas.

In: IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 29, No. 12, 31.12.2014, p. 6754-6761.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A self-commissioning notch filter for active damping in a three-phase LCL-filter-based grid-tie converter

AU - Pena-Alzola, Rafael

AU - Liserre, Marco

AU - Blaabjerg, Frede

AU - Ordonez, Martin

AU - Kerekes, Tamas

PY - 2014/12/31

Y1 - 2014/12/31

N2 - LCL-filters are a cost-effective solution to mitigate harmonic current content in grid-tie converters. In order to avoid stability problems, the resonance frequency of LCL-filters can be damped with active techniques that remove dissipative elements but increase control complexity. A notch filter provides an effective solution, however tuning the filter requires considerable design effort and the variations in the grid impedance limit the LCL-filter robustness. This paper proposes a straightforward tuning procedure for a notch filter self-commissioning. In order to account for the grid inductance variations, the resonance frequency is estimated and later used for tuning the notch filter. An estimation for the maximum value of the proportional gain to excite the resonance is provided. The resonance frequency is calculated using the Goertzel algorithm, which requires little extra computational resources in the existing control processor. The discrete Fourier transform coefficients are therefore obtained, with less calculations than the running sum implementation and less memory requirements than with the fast Fourier transform (FFT). Thus, the self-commissioning technique is robust to grid impedance variations due to its ability to tune the grid-tie inverter on-site. Finally, the analysis is validated with both simulation and experiments.

AB - LCL-filters are a cost-effective solution to mitigate harmonic current content in grid-tie converters. In order to avoid stability problems, the resonance frequency of LCL-filters can be damped with active techniques that remove dissipative elements but increase control complexity. A notch filter provides an effective solution, however tuning the filter requires considerable design effort and the variations in the grid impedance limit the LCL-filter robustness. This paper proposes a straightforward tuning procedure for a notch filter self-commissioning. In order to account for the grid inductance variations, the resonance frequency is estimated and later used for tuning the notch filter. An estimation for the maximum value of the proportional gain to excite the resonance is provided. The resonance frequency is calculated using the Goertzel algorithm, which requires little extra computational resources in the existing control processor. The discrete Fourier transform coefficients are therefore obtained, with less calculations than the running sum implementation and less memory requirements than with the fast Fourier transform (FFT). Thus, the self-commissioning technique is robust to grid impedance variations due to its ability to tune the grid-tie inverter on-site. Finally, the analysis is validated with both simulation and experiments.

KW - active damping

KW - autotuning

KW - converter control

KW - pulse width modulation (PWM)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84906267627&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/6731606/

U2 - 10.1109/TPEL.2014.2304468

DO - 10.1109/TPEL.2014.2304468

M3 - Article

VL - 29

SP - 6754

EP - 6761

JO - IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics

T2 - IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics

JF - IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics

SN - 0885-8993

IS - 12

ER -