### Abstract

LCL-filters are a cost-effective solution to mitigate harmonic current content in grid-tie converters. In order to avoid stability problems, the resonance frequency of LCL-filters can be damped with active techniques that remove dissipative elements but increase control complexity. A notch filter provides an effective solution, however tuning the filter requires considerable design effort and the variations in the grid impedance limit the LCL-filter robustness. This paper proposes a straightforward tuning procedure for a notch filter self-commissioning. In order to account for the grid inductance variations, the resonance frequency is estimated and later used for tuning the notch filter. An estimation for the maximum value of the proportional gain to excite the resonance is provided. The resonance frequency is calculated using the Goertzel algorithm, which requires little extra computational resources in the existing control processor. The discrete Fourier transform coefficients are therefore obtained, with less calculations than the running sum implementation and less memory requirements than with the fast Fourier transform (FFT). Thus, the self-commissioning technique is robust to grid impedance variations due to its ability to tune the grid-tie inverter on-site. Finally, the analysis is validated with both simulation and experiments.

Language | English |
---|---|

Pages | 6754-6761 |

Number of pages | 8 |

Journal | IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics |

Volume | 29 |

Issue number | 12 |

Early online date | 4 Feb 2014 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 31 Dec 2014 |

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### Keywords

- active damping
- autotuning
- converter control
- pulse width modulation (PWM)

### Cite this

*IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics*,

*29*(12), 6754-6761. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2014.2304468

}

*IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics*, vol. 29, no. 12, pp. 6754-6761. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2014.2304468

**A self-commissioning notch filter for active damping in a three-phase LCL-filter-based grid-tie converter.** / Pena-Alzola, Rafael; Liserre, Marco; Blaabjerg, Frede; Ordonez, Martin; Kerekes, Tamas.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - A self-commissioning notch filter for active damping in a three-phase LCL-filter-based grid-tie converter

AU - Pena-Alzola, Rafael

AU - Liserre, Marco

AU - Blaabjerg, Frede

AU - Ordonez, Martin

AU - Kerekes, Tamas

N1 - © 2014 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting /republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.

PY - 2014/12/31

Y1 - 2014/12/31

N2 - LCL-filters are a cost-effective solution to mitigate harmonic current content in grid-tie converters. In order to avoid stability problems, the resonance frequency of LCL-filters can be damped with active techniques that remove dissipative elements but increase control complexity. A notch filter provides an effective solution, however tuning the filter requires considerable design effort and the variations in the grid impedance limit the LCL-filter robustness. This paper proposes a straightforward tuning procedure for a notch filter self-commissioning. In order to account for the grid inductance variations, the resonance frequency is estimated and later used for tuning the notch filter. An estimation for the maximum value of the proportional gain to excite the resonance is provided. The resonance frequency is calculated using the Goertzel algorithm, which requires little extra computational resources in the existing control processor. The discrete Fourier transform coefficients are therefore obtained, with less calculations than the running sum implementation and less memory requirements than with the fast Fourier transform (FFT). Thus, the self-commissioning technique is robust to grid impedance variations due to its ability to tune the grid-tie inverter on-site. Finally, the analysis is validated with both simulation and experiments.

AB - LCL-filters are a cost-effective solution to mitigate harmonic current content in grid-tie converters. In order to avoid stability problems, the resonance frequency of LCL-filters can be damped with active techniques that remove dissipative elements but increase control complexity. A notch filter provides an effective solution, however tuning the filter requires considerable design effort and the variations in the grid impedance limit the LCL-filter robustness. This paper proposes a straightforward tuning procedure for a notch filter self-commissioning. In order to account for the grid inductance variations, the resonance frequency is estimated and later used for tuning the notch filter. An estimation for the maximum value of the proportional gain to excite the resonance is provided. The resonance frequency is calculated using the Goertzel algorithm, which requires little extra computational resources in the existing control processor. The discrete Fourier transform coefficients are therefore obtained, with less calculations than the running sum implementation and less memory requirements than with the fast Fourier transform (FFT). Thus, the self-commissioning technique is robust to grid impedance variations due to its ability to tune the grid-tie inverter on-site. Finally, the analysis is validated with both simulation and experiments.

KW - active damping

KW - autotuning

KW - converter control

KW - pulse width modulation (PWM)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84906267627&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/6731606/

U2 - 10.1109/TPEL.2014.2304468

DO - 10.1109/TPEL.2014.2304468

M3 - Article

VL - 29

SP - 6754

EP - 6761

JO - IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics

T2 - IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics

JF - IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics

SN - 0885-8993

IS - 12

ER -