A robust modeling approach for fatigue damage in composites based on bayesian model class selection

J. Chiachio, M. Chiachio, S. Sankararaman, A. Saxena, K. Goebel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

Abstract

A Bayesian model selection approach is presented for selecting the most robust model class among a set of physics-based models for fatigue damage prognostics in composites. Three families of micro-damage mechanics models (shear-lag, variational and crack-opening displacement) are chosen to capture the relationship between stiffness reduction and matrix-cracks density in composite fiber-reinforced polymers (CFRP). First, the candidate models are parameterized by global sensitivity analysis, and then, they are ranked through probabilities that measure the extent of agreement of their predictions with observed SHM data, while avoiding the extremes of over-fitting or under-fitting. These probabilities are computed based on the evidence provided by the data and the modeler's choice of prior probability for each model class. A case study is presented using multi-scale fatigue damage data from a cross-ply CFRP laminate. The result leads to the conclusion that, in this case, the most probable among competing models is found to be the model that has the lowest complexity. This principle, also known as Ockham's razor, seems to hold true for the composite materials investigated here because more complex models are adversely affected by statistical noise.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the American Society for Composites - 29th Technical Conference, ASC 2014; 16th US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials; ASTM-D30 Meeting
EditorsHyonny Kim, D. Whisler, Z.M. Chen, C. Bisagni, M. Kawai, R. Krueger
Place of PublicationLancaster, PA, USA
ISBN (Electronic)9781605951249
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event29th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites, ASC 2014; 16th US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials; ASTM-D30 Meeting - La Jolla, San Diego, United States
Duration: 8 Sep 201410 Sep 2014

Conference

Conference29th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites, ASC 2014; 16th US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials; ASTM-D30 Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityLa Jolla, San Diego
Period8/09/1410/09/14

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Keywords

  • Bayesian networks
  • cracks
  • elasticity
  • polymer matrix composites
  • probability
  • sensitivity analysis
  • stiffness matrix
  • fatigue damage
  • Bayesian model selection

Cite this

Chiachio, J., Chiachio, M., Sankararaman, S., Saxena, A., & Goebel, K. (2014). A robust modeling approach for fatigue damage in composites based on bayesian model class selection. In H. Kim, D. Whisler, Z. M. Chen, C. Bisagni, M. Kawai, & R. Krueger (Eds.), Proceedings of the American Society for Composites - 29th Technical Conference, ASC 2014; 16th US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials; ASTM-D30 Meeting Lancaster, PA, USA.