A robust methodology for investigating old firm sectarianism online

D. McMenemy, A. Poulter, S. O'Loan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


This paper discusses a methodology for investigating sectarianism on the internet as evidenced primarily through the support of two football clubs, Glasgow Celtic and Glasgow Rangers, better known as the Old Firm. The historical background to sectarianism and theoretical background to online hate are discussed, and a robust methodology for investigation is proposed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)488-503
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Web-Based Communities
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2005


  • online communities
  • social conflict
  • sectarianism
  • hate-speech
  • football
  • Scotland
  • internet

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