A review of simulation modelling approaches used for the spread of zoonotic influenza viruses in animal and human populations

S. Dorjee, Z. Poljak, C. W. Revie, J. Bridgland, B. Mcnab, E. Leger, J. Sanchez

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Increasing incidences of emerging and re-emerging diseases that are mostly zoonotic (e.g. severe acute respiratory syndrome, avian influenza H5N1, pandemic influenza) has led to the need for a multidisciplinary approach to tackling these threats to public and animal health. Accordingly, a global movement of 'One-Health/One-Medicine' has been launched to foster collaborative efforts amongst animal and human health officials and researchers to address these problems. Historical evidence points to the fact that pandemics caused by influenza A viruses remain a major zoonotic threat to mankind. Recently, a range of mathematical and computer simulation modelling methods and tools have increasingly been applied to improve our understanding of disease transmission dynamics, contingency planning and to support policy decisions on disease outbreak management. This review provides an overview of methods, approaches and software used for modelling the spread of zoonotic influenza viruses in animals and humans, particularly those related to the animal-human interface. Modelling parameters used in these studies are summarized to provide references for future work. This review highlights the limited application of modelling research to influenza in animals and at the animal-human interface, in marked contrast to the large volume of its research in human populations. Although swine are widely recognized as a potential host for generating novel influenza viruses, and that some of these viruses, including pandemic influenza A/H1N1 2009, have been shown to be readily transmissible between humans and swine, only one study was found related to the modelling of influenza spread at the swine-human interface. Significant gaps in the knowledge of frequency of novel viral strains evolution in pigs, farm-level natural history of influenza infection, incidences of influenza transmission between farms and between swine and humans are clearly evident. Therefore, there is a need to direct additional research to the study of influenza transmission dynamics in animals and at the animal-human interface.

LanguageEnglish
Pages383-411
Number of pages29
JournalZoonoses and Public Health
Volume60
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2013

Fingerprint

Zoonoses
Orthomyxoviridae
influenza
human population
Human Influenza
Population
pandemic
Swine
swine
animals
Pandemics
incidence
farms
animal and human health
emerging diseases
Research
avian influenza
disease transmission
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
Influenza A virus

Keywords

  • influenza
  • modelling
  • parameters
  • simulation models
  • software
  • zoonotic

Cite this

Dorjee, S. ; Poljak, Z. ; Revie, C. W. ; Bridgland, J. ; Mcnab, B. ; Leger, E. ; Sanchez, J. / A review of simulation modelling approaches used for the spread of zoonotic influenza viruses in animal and human populations. In: Zoonoses and Public Health. 2013 ; Vol. 60, No. 6. pp. 383-411.
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A review of simulation modelling approaches used for the spread of zoonotic influenza viruses in animal and human populations. / Dorjee, S.; Poljak, Z.; Revie, C. W.; Bridgland, J.; Mcnab, B.; Leger, E.; Sanchez, J.

In: Zoonoses and Public Health, Vol. 60, No. 6, 01.09.2013, p. 383-411.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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