A review of heat recovery technology for passive ventilation applications

Dominic O'connor, John Kaiser S. Calautit, Ben Richard Hughes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

57 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A review of current heat recovery devices was undertaken in an attempt to determine the major factors preventing the integration of heat recovery technology into passive ventilation systems. The increase in space heating and cooling demand in recent years combined with statutory requirements to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the UK requires technology to be as efficient as possible, consuming the lowest amount of energy necessary. Heat recovery technology can meet this demand by lowering the energy demand necessary for heating and cooling by pre-heating or pre-cooling. Six different heat recovery devices were analysed and compared for suitability for integration into passive ventilation systems. Heat pipes and rotary thermal wheels are suggested as the technologies with the most potential for integration due to high thermal efficiency and low pressure loss across the heat recovery device in comparison to the other technologies. High efficiency is necessary to recover the maximum amount of thermal energy available. Low pressure loss across the heat exchanger is required to maintain adequate ventilation rates. The integration of heat recovery technology into passive ventilation has the potential to reduce energy demand in buildings but further research is required to optimise the recovery devices for simple installation, high efficiency and low pressure loss.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1481-1493
Number of pages13
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume54
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016

Keywords

  • heat pipes
  • heat recovery
  • low energy
  • passive ventilation
  • rotary thermal wheel

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