A review of grid-tied converter topologies used in photovoltaic systems

W. Xiao, M. S. El Moursi, O. Khan, D. Infield

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87 Citations (Scopus)
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This study provides review of grid-tied architectures used in photovoltaic power systems, classified by the granularity level at which maximum power point tracking (MPPT) is applied. Grid-tied PV power systems can be divided into two main groups, namely centralized MPPT (CMPPT) and distributed MPPT (DMPPT). The DMPPT systems are further classified according to the levels at which MPPT can be applied, i.e. string, module, submodule, and cell level. Typical topologies for each category are also introduced, explained and analyzed. The classification is intended to help readers understand the latest developments of grid-tied PV power systems and inform research directions.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages22
JournalIET Renewable Power Generation
Early online date14 Jun 2016
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Jun 2016


  • grid tied architecture
  • topological parameters
  • photovoltaic systems


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