A prospective investigation of rumination and executive control processes in predicting overgeneral memory recall in adolescence

Tracy M. Stewart, Simon C. Hunter, Sinéad M. Rhodes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The CaR-FA-X model (Williams et al., 2007), or capture and rumination (CaR), functional avoidance (FA) and impaired executive control (X), is a model of overgeneral autobiographical memory. Two mechanisms of the model, rumination and executive control were examined in isolation and in interaction to investigate overgeneral autobiographical memory over time. Method: Across two time points, six months apart, a total of 149 adolescents (13-16 years) completed a minimal instruction autobiographical memory test, a measure of executive control with emotional and non-emotional stimuli, and measures of brooding rumination and reflective pondering. Results: It was found that executive control for emotional information was negatively associated with OGM, but only when reflective pondering levels were high. Conclusion: In the context of higher levels of reflective pondering, greater switch costs (i.e. lower executive control) when processing emotional information predict a decrease in OGM over time.
LanguageEnglish
Pages482-496
Number of pages15
JournalMemory and Cognition
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

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Executive Function
Episodic Memory
Automatic Data Processing
Adolescence
Rumination
Executive Control
Costs and Cost Analysis
Reflective
Autobiographical Memory
Emotion
Avoidance

Keywords

  • overgeneral autobiographical memory
  • adolescence
  • rumination
  • executive control
  • emotion

Cite this

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abstract = "The CaR-FA-X model (Williams et al., 2007), or capture and rumination (CaR), functional avoidance (FA) and impaired executive control (X), is a model of overgeneral autobiographical memory. Two mechanisms of the model, rumination and executive control were examined in isolation and in interaction to investigate overgeneral autobiographical memory over time. Method: Across two time points, six months apart, a total of 149 adolescents (13-16 years) completed a minimal instruction autobiographical memory test, a measure of executive control with emotional and non-emotional stimuli, and measures of brooding rumination and reflective pondering. Results: It was found that executive control for emotional information was negatively associated with OGM, but only when reflective pondering levels were high. Conclusion: In the context of higher levels of reflective pondering, greater switch costs (i.e. lower executive control) when processing emotional information predict a decrease in OGM over time.",
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A prospective investigation of rumination and executive control processes in predicting overgeneral memory recall in adolescence. / Stewart, Tracy M.; Hunter, Simon C.; Rhodes, Sinéad M.

In: Memory and Cognition, Vol. 46, No. 3, 01.04.2018, p. 482-496.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Hunter, Simon C.

AU - Rhodes, Sinéad M.

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