A probabilistic capacity planning methodology for plug-in electric vehicle charging lots with on-site energy storage systems

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Plug-in electric vehicles (PEV) have gained popularity to support environmental sustainability and reach net-zero emission goals. However, accommodating large numbers of PEVs is a complex problem as concurrent PEV demand significantly increases peak demand and stresses supporting network elements. In this paper, we present a large-scale PEV charging lot equipped with an on-site storage. Power drawn from the grid is utilized to meet customer demand and charge the storage unit which, in return, is employed to lower peak load and demand charges. By considering the probabilistic nature of the customer demand, the proposed architecture is modelled by a Markov-modulated Poisson Process and a matrix-geometric based algorithm is developed to solve the associated capacity planning problem. Station outage probability (defined as the probability of not serving PEV demand) is used as the main metric to size station resources. Case studies show that by accounting for the statistical variations in customer demand, the power required for the station is significantly less than the sum of chargers' rated power. In addition, on-site storage can considerably reduce the stress on the supporting grid components and lower stations' running cost.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101730
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
Volume32
Early online date12 Aug 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • energy storage systems
  • plug-in electric vehicles
  • Markov-modulated poisson process
  • demand-charge management

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