A Practical Data Reporting Solution for Free-ranging Cattle Monitoring Applications Using Wireless Sensor Networks

T. Wu, D. Cao, B. Stephen, H. Goh, K.H. Kwong, W. Du, C. Shen, C. Michie, I. Andonovic

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

This paper provides a study of the facilitating data communications for agricultural livestock monitoring applications using wireless sensor networks (WSNs) in a worst case case scenario: a relatively small number of cows distributed sparsely in an open field. Several design challenges are first indentified and analyzed in depth using actual GPS position data gathered from a farm trial. Two analysis metrics, Connection Availability and Connection Duration, are used to quantify impact of cattle moving behavior and device duty cycle on network connectivity. Based on the results of this analysis, a practical communication scheme called Direct Forwarding (DF) is proposed particularly for free-ranging cattle monitoring applications where communications take place in a non real-time manner. The proposed DF scheme has been implemented using the MICAz sensor node as a development platform. Farm trials have been carried out to study the network performance in terms of data delay, buffer utilization and received data rate. The results show that in the present extreme case, DF scheme has data delay of around an hour and thus real time communication is impossible. The results also show the reliability and robustness of this approach which achieves an expected operational lifetime of 2 years.

Conference

ConferenceAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers - Annual International Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityPittsburgh
Period20/06/1023/06/10

Fingerprint

Wireless sensor networks
Farms
Monitoring
Communication
Network performance
Sensor nodes
Global positioning system
Availability

Keywords

  • cattle monitoring application
  • wireless sensor networks
  • network connectivity
  • mobility
  • duty cycle

Cite this

Wu, T., Cao, D., Stephen, B., Goh, H., Kwong, K. H., Du, W., ... Andonovic, I. (2010). A Practical Data Reporting Solution for Free-ranging Cattle Monitoring Applications Using Wireless Sensor Networks. Paper presented at American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers - Annual International Meeting, Pittsburgh, United States.
Wu, T. ; Cao, D. ; Stephen, B. ; Goh, H. ; Kwong, K.H. ; Du, W. ; Shen, C. ; Michie, C. ; Andonovic, I. / A Practical Data Reporting Solution for Free-ranging Cattle Monitoring Applications Using Wireless Sensor Networks. Paper presented at American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers - Annual International Meeting, Pittsburgh, United States.
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abstract = "This paper provides a study of the facilitating data communications for agricultural livestock monitoring applications using wireless sensor networks (WSNs) in a worst case case scenario: a relatively small number of cows distributed sparsely in an open field. Several design challenges are first indentified and analyzed in depth using actual GPS position data gathered from a farm trial. Two analysis metrics, Connection Availability and Connection Duration, are used to quantify impact of cattle moving behavior and device duty cycle on network connectivity. Based on the results of this analysis, a practical communication scheme called Direct Forwarding (DF) is proposed particularly for free-ranging cattle monitoring applications where communications take place in a non real-time manner. The proposed DF scheme has been implemented using the MICAz sensor node as a development platform. Farm trials have been carried out to study the network performance in terms of data delay, buffer utilization and received data rate. The results show that in the present extreme case, DF scheme has data delay of around an hour and thus real time communication is impossible. The results also show the reliability and robustness of this approach which achieves an expected operational lifetime of 2 years.",
keywords = "cattle monitoring application, wireless sensor networks, network connectivity, mobility, duty cycle",
author = "T. Wu and D. Cao and B. Stephen and H. Goh and K.H. Kwong and W. Du and C. Shen and C. Michie and I. Andonovic",
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note = "American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers - Annual International Meeting ; Conference date: 20-06-2010 Through 23-06-2010",

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Wu, T, Cao, D, Stephen, B, Goh, H, Kwong, KH, Du, W, Shen, C, Michie, C & Andonovic, I 2010, 'A Practical Data Reporting Solution for Free-ranging Cattle Monitoring Applications Using Wireless Sensor Networks' Paper presented at American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers - Annual International Meeting, Pittsburgh, United States, 20/06/10 - 23/06/10, .

A Practical Data Reporting Solution for Free-ranging Cattle Monitoring Applications Using Wireless Sensor Networks. / Wu, T.; Cao, D.; Stephen, B.; Goh, H.; Kwong, K.H.; Du, W.; Shen, C.; Michie, C.; Andonovic, I.

2010. Paper presented at American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers - Annual International Meeting, Pittsburgh, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - A Practical Data Reporting Solution for Free-ranging Cattle Monitoring Applications Using Wireless Sensor Networks

AU - Wu, T.

AU - Cao, D.

AU - Stephen, B.

AU - Goh, H.

AU - Kwong, K.H.

AU - Du, W.

AU - Shen, C.

AU - Michie, C.

AU - Andonovic, I.

PY - 2010/6/20

Y1 - 2010/6/20

N2 - This paper provides a study of the facilitating data communications for agricultural livestock monitoring applications using wireless sensor networks (WSNs) in a worst case case scenario: a relatively small number of cows distributed sparsely in an open field. Several design challenges are first indentified and analyzed in depth using actual GPS position data gathered from a farm trial. Two analysis metrics, Connection Availability and Connection Duration, are used to quantify impact of cattle moving behavior and device duty cycle on network connectivity. Based on the results of this analysis, a practical communication scheme called Direct Forwarding (DF) is proposed particularly for free-ranging cattle monitoring applications where communications take place in a non real-time manner. The proposed DF scheme has been implemented using the MICAz sensor node as a development platform. Farm trials have been carried out to study the network performance in terms of data delay, buffer utilization and received data rate. The results show that in the present extreme case, DF scheme has data delay of around an hour and thus real time communication is impossible. The results also show the reliability and robustness of this approach which achieves an expected operational lifetime of 2 years.

AB - This paper provides a study of the facilitating data communications for agricultural livestock monitoring applications using wireless sensor networks (WSNs) in a worst case case scenario: a relatively small number of cows distributed sparsely in an open field. Several design challenges are first indentified and analyzed in depth using actual GPS position data gathered from a farm trial. Two analysis metrics, Connection Availability and Connection Duration, are used to quantify impact of cattle moving behavior and device duty cycle on network connectivity. Based on the results of this analysis, a practical communication scheme called Direct Forwarding (DF) is proposed particularly for free-ranging cattle monitoring applications where communications take place in a non real-time manner. The proposed DF scheme has been implemented using the MICAz sensor node as a development platform. Farm trials have been carried out to study the network performance in terms of data delay, buffer utilization and received data rate. The results show that in the present extreme case, DF scheme has data delay of around an hour and thus real time communication is impossible. The results also show the reliability and robustness of this approach which achieves an expected operational lifetime of 2 years.

KW - cattle monitoring application

KW - wireless sensor networks

KW - network connectivity

KW - mobility

KW - duty cycle

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M3 - Paper

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Wu T, Cao D, Stephen B, Goh H, Kwong KH, Du W et al. A Practical Data Reporting Solution for Free-ranging Cattle Monitoring Applications Using Wireless Sensor Networks. 2010. Paper presented at American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers - Annual International Meeting, Pittsburgh, United States.