A novel methodology to study polymodal particle size distributions produced during continuous wet granulation

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is important during powder granulation to obtain particles of a homogeneous size especially in critical situations such as pharmaceutical manufacture. To date, homogeneity of particle size distribution has been defined by the use of the d50 combined with the span of the particle size distribution, which has been found ineffective for polymodal particle size distributions. This work focuses on demonstrating the limitations of the span parameter to quantify homogeneity and proposes a novel improved metric based on the transformation of a typical particle size distribution curve into a homogeneity factor which can vary from 0 to 100%. The potential of this method as a characterisation tool has been demonstrated through its application to the production of granules using two different materials. The workspace of an 11 mm twin screw granulator was defined for two common excipients (α-lactose monohydrate and microcrystalline cellulose). Homogeneity of the obtained granules varied dramatically from 0 to 95 % in the same workspace, allowing identification of critical process parameters (e.g. feed rate, liquid/solid ratio, torque velocities). In addition it defined the operational conditions required to produce the most homogeneous product within the range 5 μm – 2.2 mm from both materials.
LanguageEnglish
Pages230-239
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Volume519
Issue number1-2
Early online date16 Jan 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2017

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Particle Size
Excipients
Torque
Lactose
Powders
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • twin screw granulation
  • particle size distribution
  • homogeneity factor
  • quality by design
  • granules
  • powder
  • liquid/solid ratio

Cite this

@article{6decdaedb6744cd8bb78f253ac42aa20,
title = "A novel methodology to study polymodal particle size distributions produced during continuous wet granulation",
abstract = "It is important during powder granulation to obtain particles of a homogeneous size especially in critical situations such as pharmaceutical manufacture. To date, homogeneity of particle size distribution has been defined by the use of the d50 combined with the span of the particle size distribution, which has been found ineffective for polymodal particle size distributions. This work focuses on demonstrating the limitations of the span parameter to quantify homogeneity and proposes a novel improved metric based on the transformation of a typical particle size distribution curve into a homogeneity factor which can vary from 0 to 100{\%}. The potential of this method as a characterisation tool has been demonstrated through its application to the production of granules using two different materials. The workspace of an 11 mm twin screw granulator was defined for two common excipients (α-lactose monohydrate and microcrystalline cellulose). Homogeneity of the obtained granules varied dramatically from 0 to 95 {\%} in the same workspace, allowing identification of critical process parameters (e.g. feed rate, liquid/solid ratio, torque velocities). In addition it defined the operational conditions required to produce the most homogeneous product within the range 5 μm – 2.2 mm from both materials.",
keywords = "twin screw granulation, particle size distribution, homogeneity factor, quality by design, granules, powder, liquid/solid ratio",
author = "{Mendez Torrecillas}, Carlota and Halbert, {Gavin W.} and Lamprou, {Dimitrios A.}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
year = "2017",
month = "3",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijpharm.2017.01.023",
language = "English",
volume = "519",
pages = "230--239",
journal = "International Journal of Pharmaceutics",
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T1 - A novel methodology to study polymodal particle size distributions produced during continuous wet granulation

AU - Mendez Torrecillas, Carlota

AU - Halbert, Gavin W.

AU - Lamprou, Dimitrios A.

N1 - Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PY - 2017/3/15

Y1 - 2017/3/15

N2 - It is important during powder granulation to obtain particles of a homogeneous size especially in critical situations such as pharmaceutical manufacture. To date, homogeneity of particle size distribution has been defined by the use of the d50 combined with the span of the particle size distribution, which has been found ineffective for polymodal particle size distributions. This work focuses on demonstrating the limitations of the span parameter to quantify homogeneity and proposes a novel improved metric based on the transformation of a typical particle size distribution curve into a homogeneity factor which can vary from 0 to 100%. The potential of this method as a characterisation tool has been demonstrated through its application to the production of granules using two different materials. The workspace of an 11 mm twin screw granulator was defined for two common excipients (α-lactose monohydrate and microcrystalline cellulose). Homogeneity of the obtained granules varied dramatically from 0 to 95 % in the same workspace, allowing identification of critical process parameters (e.g. feed rate, liquid/solid ratio, torque velocities). In addition it defined the operational conditions required to produce the most homogeneous product within the range 5 μm – 2.2 mm from both materials.

AB - It is important during powder granulation to obtain particles of a homogeneous size especially in critical situations such as pharmaceutical manufacture. To date, homogeneity of particle size distribution has been defined by the use of the d50 combined with the span of the particle size distribution, which has been found ineffective for polymodal particle size distributions. This work focuses on demonstrating the limitations of the span parameter to quantify homogeneity and proposes a novel improved metric based on the transformation of a typical particle size distribution curve into a homogeneity factor which can vary from 0 to 100%. The potential of this method as a characterisation tool has been demonstrated through its application to the production of granules using two different materials. The workspace of an 11 mm twin screw granulator was defined for two common excipients (α-lactose monohydrate and microcrystalline cellulose). Homogeneity of the obtained granules varied dramatically from 0 to 95 % in the same workspace, allowing identification of critical process parameters (e.g. feed rate, liquid/solid ratio, torque velocities). In addition it defined the operational conditions required to produce the most homogeneous product within the range 5 μm – 2.2 mm from both materials.

KW - twin screw granulation

KW - particle size distribution

KW - homogeneity factor

KW - quality by design

KW - granules

KW - powder

KW - liquid/solid ratio

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2017.01.023

DO - 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2017.01.023

M3 - Article

VL - 519

SP - 230

EP - 239

JO - International Journal of Pharmaceutics

T2 - International Journal of Pharmaceutics

JF - International Journal of Pharmaceutics

SN - 0378-5173

IS - 1-2

ER -