A novel 3D imaging approach for quantification of GLUT4 levels across the intact myocardium

Angéline Geiser, Susan Currie, Hadi Al-Hasani, Alexandra Chadt, Gail McConnell, Gwyn W. Gould

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Cellular heterogeneity is a well-accepted feature of tissues, and both transcriptional and metabolic diversity have been revealed by numerous approaches, including optical imaging. However, the high magnification objective lenses needed for high-resolution imaging provides information from only small layers of tissue, which can result in poor cell statistics. There is therefore an unmet need for an imaging modality that can provide detailed molecular and cellular insight within intact tissue samples in 3D. Using GFP-tagged GLUT4 as proof of concept, we present here a novel optical mesoscopy approach that allows precise measurement of the spatial location of GLUT4 within specific anatomical structures across the myocardium in ultrathick sections (5 mm x 5 mm x 3 mm) of intact mouse heart. We reveal distinct GLUT4 distribution patterns across cardiac walls and highlight specific changes in GLUT4 expression levels in response to high fat diet-feeding, and we identify sex-dependent differences in expression patterns. This method is applicable to any target that can be labelled for light microscopy, and to other complex tissues when organ structure needs to be considered simultaneously with cellular detail.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages37
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Early online date2 Jul 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Jul 2024


  • mesoscopy
  • heart
  • GLUT4
  • ventricle
  • septum
  • fluorescence


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