A new process chain for ultra-precision machining potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP) crystal parts

Chaoliang Guan, Hao Hu, Guipeng Tie, Xichun Luo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

1 Citation (Scopus)
28 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP) crystal parts used in high power laser systems require high figure accuracy and high laser induced damage threshold (LIDT). However KDP crystal is extremely soft, hygroscopic, brittle and thermally sensitive, which make it difficult to meet the requirements via conventional processing methods. This paper puts forward a new process chain for ultra-precision machining KDP crystals, including single point diamond turning (SPDT), magnetorheological finishing (MRF) polishing and ion beam figuring (IBF) polishing processes. A compensation SPDT process is developed as the first step of the process chain to reduce machining errors (due to vacuum suction force, spindle unbalance, etc.). As a result high shape accuracy and fine surface roughness is obtained with high machining efficiency Non-aqueous and abrasive-free MRF polishing process is then employed to remove the diamond turning marks and further improve shape accuracy and increase the LIDT. Ion beam figuring (IBF) polishing is introduced as the final step of the process chain to remove the impurity layer. Experiments are carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed ultra-precision process chain.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 16 International Conference of the European Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology
EditorsP. Bointon, R. Leach, N. Southon
Place of PublicationBedford
Pages449-450
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2016
Event16th euspen International Conference - East Midland Conference Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Duration: 30 May 20162 Jun 2016

Conference

Conference16th euspen International Conference
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityNottingham
Period30/05/162/06/16

Keywords

  • potassium dihydrogen phosphate
  • ultra precision machining
  • single point diamond turning
  • magnetorheological finishing
  • high power laser systems
  • laser induced damage threshold
  • ion beam figuring
  • impurity layer

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