A multicenter point prevalence survey of healthcare-associated infections in pakistan: findings and implications

Zikria Saleem, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Brian Godman, Furqan Khurshid Hashmi, Fahad Saleem

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Background: Healthcare–associated infections (HAIs) are seen as a global public health threat, leading to increased mortality and morbidity as well as costs. However, little is currently known about the prevalence of HAIs in Pakistan. Consequently, this multicenter prevalence survey of HAIs was conducted to assess the prevalence of HAIs in Pakistan. Methods: We used the methodology employed by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control to assess the prevalence of HAIs in Punjab Province, Pakistan. Data were collected from 13 hospitals using a structured data collection tool. Results: Out of 1,553 hospitalized patients, 130 (8.4%) had symptoms of HAIs. The most common HAI was surgical site infection (40.0%), followed by bloodstream infection (21.5%), and lower respiratory tract infection (14.6%). The prevalence of HAI was higher in private sector hospitals (25.0%) and among neonates (23.8%) and patients admitted to intensive care units (33.3%). Patients without HAIs were admitted mainly to public sector hospitals and adult medical and surgical wards. Conclusions: The study found a high rate of HAIs among hospitals in Pakistan, especially surgical site infections, bloodstream infections, and lower respiratory tract infections. This needs to be addressed to reduce morbidity, mortality, and costs in the future, and further research is planned.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-424
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Infection Control
Issue number4
Early online date22 Nov 2018
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2019


  • health care associated infections
  • point prevalence surveys
  • infection prevention policy
  • Pakistan

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