In this paper, a new fully-resolved framework capable of capturing the fundamental physics of particle–fluid interactions, the collision of particles with solid surfaces, and the resulting damage is proposed. A coupled DEM-IB-CLBM, consisting of a discrete element method (DEM), an immersed boundary (IB) method, and a cascaded lattice Boltzmann method (CLBM), is used to fully resolve the interaction of the particles with the surrounding viscous fluid. The peridynamics theory is then implemented and used to predict the impact damage to the target material. This framework is validated by comparing the trajectory of a particle–wall collision event in a viscous fluid with the previous results in the literature. Furthermore, the variation of the restitution coefficient with the impact velocity is in a good agreement with the available experimental results. The influence of multiple impacts and the resulting surface damage on the fluid dynamics of the system is investigated. It is demonstrated that the method correctly predicts the expected effects of multiple collisions and impact angle variations on the surface damage.
- particle impact
- immersed boundary method
- discrete element method
- fully resolved simulations
- cascaded lattice Boltzmann method