A metabolomic approach to target compounds from the asteraceae family for dual COX and LOX inhibition

Daniela A. Chagas-Paula, Tong Zhang, Fernando B. Da Costa, RuAngelie Edrada-Ebel

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33 Citations (Scopus)
80 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The application of metabolomics in phytochemical analysis is an innovative strategy for targeting active compounds from a complex plant extract. Species of the Asteraceae family are well-known to exhibit potent anti-inflammatory (AI) activity. Dual inhibition of the enzymes COX-1 and 5-LOX is essential for the treatment of several inflammatory diseases, but there is not much investigation reported in the literature for natural products. In this study, 57 leaf extracts (EtOH-H2O 7:3, v/v) from different genera and species of the Asteraceae family were tested against COX-1 and 5-LOX while HPLC-ESI-HRMS analysis of the extracts indicated high diversity in their chemical compositions. Using O2PLS-DA (R2 > 0.92; VIP > 1 and positive Y-correlation values), dual inhibition potential of low-abundance metabolites was determined. The O2PLS-DA results exhibited good validation values (cross-validation = Q2 > 0.7 and external validation = P2 > 0.6) with 0% of false positive predictions. The metabolomic approach determined biomarkers for the required biological activity and detected active compounds in the extracts displaying unique mechanisms of action. In addition, the PCA data also gave insights on the chemotaxonomy of the family Asteraceae across its diverse range of genera and tribes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)404-430
Number of pages27
JournalMetabolites
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jul 2015

Keywords

  • metabolomics
  • metabolomic data
  • Asteraceae
  • biomarkers

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    • 33 Citations
    • 1 Article

    Effect of the environment on the secondary metabolic profile of Tithonia diversifolia: a model for environmental metabolomics of plants

    Sampaio, B. L., Edrada-Ebel, R. & Da Costa, F. B., 7 Jul 2016, In : Scientific Reports. 6, 29265.

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    137 Citations (Scopus)
    62 Downloads (Pure)

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