A low cost photodiode sun sensor for CubeSat and planetary micro-rover

Mark Post, Junquan Li, Regina Lee

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12 Citations (Scopus)
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This paper presents the development of low-cost methodologies to determine the attitude of a small, CubeSat-class satellite and a microrover relative to the sun's direction. The use of commercial hardware and simple embedded designs has become an effective path for university programs to put experimental payloads in space for minimal cost, and the development of sensors for attitude and heading determination is often a critical part. The development of two compact and efficient but simple coarse sun sensor methodologies is presented in this research. A direct measurement of the solar angle uses a photodiode array sensor and slit mask. Another estimation of the solar angle uses current measurements from orthogonal arrays of solar cells. The two methodologies are tested and compared on ground hardware. Testing results show that coarse sun sensing is efficient even with minimal processing and complexity of design for satellite attitude determination systems and rover navigation systems.
Original languageEnglish
Article number549080
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Aerospace Engineering
Early online date4 Nov 2013
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013


  • CubeSat
  • planetary micro-rover
  • sun sensor


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