A low cost decision support tool for the diagnosis of endemic bovine infectious diseases in the mixed crop-livestock production system of sub-Saharan Africa

M.C. Eisler, J.W. Magona, N.N. Jonsson, C.W. Revie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diagnosis and treatment of endemic infectious disease is crucial for productivity of cattle in rural sub-Saharan Africa, but shortages of trained veterinary professionals necessitate support for less well-trained cadres of animal health worker. A Delphi survey of veterinary experts provided quantitative information on key clinical signs associated with eight endemic bovine diseases, then heuristics and dendrogram analysis identified a reduced sign set to be incorporated in a diagnostic decision support tool implemented as a simple colour-banded card. One hundred and seventy disease-sign questionnaire returns were obtained from 32 veterinary research scientists and 14 veterinary practitioners. Preliminary validation of the decision support tool for 16 prototypical cases resulted in 'correct' diagnosis over 90% of the time. The card potentially serves as a training aid and aide-mæ#169;moire, and could improve the diagnostic competence of animal healthcare providers.
LanguageEnglish
Pages67-75
Number of pages8
JournalInfection and Epidemiology
Volume135
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2007

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Cattle Diseases
Endemic Diseases
Africa South of the Sahara
Livestock
Communicable Diseases
Costs and Cost Analysis
Health Personnel
Mental Competency
Color
Efficiency
Health
Research
Surveys and Questionnaires
Crop Production
Therapeutics
Heuristics

Keywords

  • decision support tool
  • diagnosis
  • bovine infectious diseases
  • livestock production
  • sub-Saharan Africa
  • animal healthcare

Cite this

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A low cost decision support tool for the diagnosis of endemic bovine infectious diseases in the mixed crop-livestock production system of sub-Saharan Africa. / Eisler, M.C.; Magona, J.W.; Jonsson, N.N.; Revie, C.W.

In: Infection and Epidemiology, Vol. 135, No. 1, 01.2007, p. 67-75.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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