A hybrid renewable energy system for a North American off-grid community

Md. Mustafizur Rahman, Md. Mohib-Ul-Haque Khan, Mohammad Ahsan Ullah, Xiaolei Zhang, Amit Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Canada has many isolated communities that are not connected to the electrical grid. Most of these communities meet their electricity demand through stand-alone diesel generators. Diesel generators have economic and environmental concerns that can be minimized by using hybrid renewable energy technologies. This study aims to assess the implementation of a hybrid energy system for an off-grid community in Canada and to propose the best hybrid energy combination to reliably satisfy electricity demand. Seven scenarios were developed: 1) 100% renewable resources, 2) 80% renewable resources, 3) 65% renewable resources, 4) 50% renewable resources, 5) 35% renewable resources, 6) 21% renewable resources, and 7) battery-diesel generators (0% renewable resources). A case study for the remote community of Sandy Lake, Ontario, was conducted. Hybrid systems were chosen to meet the requirements of a 4.4 MWh/day primary load with a 772 kW peak load. Sensitivity analyses were carried out to assess the impact of solar radiation, wind speed, diesel price, CO2 penalty cost, and project interest rate on optimum results. A GHG (greenhouse gas) abatement cost was assessed for each scenario. Considering GHG emission penalty cost, the costs of electricity for the seven scenarios are $1.48/kWh, $0.62/kWh, $0.54/kWh, $0.42/kWh, $0.39/kWh, $0.37/kWh, and $0.36/kWh.
LanguageEnglish
Pages151-160
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy
Volume97
Early online date22 Jan 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2016

Fingerprint

Electricity
Greenhouse gases
Costs
Solar radiation
Hybrid systems
Gas emissions
Lakes
Economics

Keywords

  • hybrid energy system
  • HOMER
  • off-grid
  • Renewable energy

Cite this

Rahman, Md. Mustafizur ; Khan, Md. Mohib-Ul-Haque ; Ullah, Mohammad Ahsan ; Zhang, Xiaolei ; Kumar, Amit. / A hybrid renewable energy system for a North American off-grid community. In: Energy. 2016 ; Vol. 97. pp. 151-160.
@article{fda7ea3938814ba2b298c0ea442b90c4,
title = "A hybrid renewable energy system for a North American off-grid community",
abstract = "Canada has many isolated communities that are not connected to the electrical grid. Most of these communities meet their electricity demand through stand-alone diesel generators. Diesel generators have economic and environmental concerns that can be minimized by using hybrid renewable energy technologies. This study aims to assess the implementation of a hybrid energy system for an off-grid community in Canada and to propose the best hybrid energy combination to reliably satisfy electricity demand. Seven scenarios were developed: 1) 100{\%} renewable resources, 2) 80{\%} renewable resources, 3) 65{\%} renewable resources, 4) 50{\%} renewable resources, 5) 35{\%} renewable resources, 6) 21{\%} renewable resources, and 7) battery-diesel generators (0{\%} renewable resources). A case study for the remote community of Sandy Lake, Ontario, was conducted. Hybrid systems were chosen to meet the requirements of a 4.4 MWh/day primary load with a 772 kW peak load. Sensitivity analyses were carried out to assess the impact of solar radiation, wind speed, diesel price, CO2 penalty cost, and project interest rate on optimum results. A GHG (greenhouse gas) abatement cost was assessed for each scenario. Considering GHG emission penalty cost, the costs of electricity for the seven scenarios are $1.48/kWh, $0.62/kWh, $0.54/kWh, $0.42/kWh, $0.39/kWh, $0.37/kWh, and $0.36/kWh.",
keywords = "hybrid energy system, HOMER, off-grid, Renewable energy",
author = "Rahman, {Md. Mustafizur} and Khan, {Md. Mohib-Ul-Haque} and Ullah, {Mohammad Ahsan} and Xiaolei Zhang and Amit Kumar",
year = "2016",
month = "2",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.energy.2015.12.105",
language = "English",
volume = "97",
pages = "151--160",
journal = "Energy",
issn = "0360-5442",

}

A hybrid renewable energy system for a North American off-grid community. / Rahman, Md. Mustafizur; Khan, Md. Mohib-Ul-Haque; Ullah, Mohammad Ahsan; Zhang, Xiaolei; Kumar, Amit.

In: Energy, Vol. 97, 15.02.2016, p. 151-160.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A hybrid renewable energy system for a North American off-grid community

AU - Rahman, Md. Mustafizur

AU - Khan, Md. Mohib-Ul-Haque

AU - Ullah, Mohammad Ahsan

AU - Zhang, Xiaolei

AU - Kumar, Amit

PY - 2016/2/15

Y1 - 2016/2/15

N2 - Canada has many isolated communities that are not connected to the electrical grid. Most of these communities meet their electricity demand through stand-alone diesel generators. Diesel generators have economic and environmental concerns that can be minimized by using hybrid renewable energy technologies. This study aims to assess the implementation of a hybrid energy system for an off-grid community in Canada and to propose the best hybrid energy combination to reliably satisfy electricity demand. Seven scenarios were developed: 1) 100% renewable resources, 2) 80% renewable resources, 3) 65% renewable resources, 4) 50% renewable resources, 5) 35% renewable resources, 6) 21% renewable resources, and 7) battery-diesel generators (0% renewable resources). A case study for the remote community of Sandy Lake, Ontario, was conducted. Hybrid systems were chosen to meet the requirements of a 4.4 MWh/day primary load with a 772 kW peak load. Sensitivity analyses were carried out to assess the impact of solar radiation, wind speed, diesel price, CO2 penalty cost, and project interest rate on optimum results. A GHG (greenhouse gas) abatement cost was assessed for each scenario. Considering GHG emission penalty cost, the costs of electricity for the seven scenarios are $1.48/kWh, $0.62/kWh, $0.54/kWh, $0.42/kWh, $0.39/kWh, $0.37/kWh, and $0.36/kWh.

AB - Canada has many isolated communities that are not connected to the electrical grid. Most of these communities meet their electricity demand through stand-alone diesel generators. Diesel generators have economic and environmental concerns that can be minimized by using hybrid renewable energy technologies. This study aims to assess the implementation of a hybrid energy system for an off-grid community in Canada and to propose the best hybrid energy combination to reliably satisfy electricity demand. Seven scenarios were developed: 1) 100% renewable resources, 2) 80% renewable resources, 3) 65% renewable resources, 4) 50% renewable resources, 5) 35% renewable resources, 6) 21% renewable resources, and 7) battery-diesel generators (0% renewable resources). A case study for the remote community of Sandy Lake, Ontario, was conducted. Hybrid systems were chosen to meet the requirements of a 4.4 MWh/day primary load with a 772 kW peak load. Sensitivity analyses were carried out to assess the impact of solar radiation, wind speed, diesel price, CO2 penalty cost, and project interest rate on optimum results. A GHG (greenhouse gas) abatement cost was assessed for each scenario. Considering GHG emission penalty cost, the costs of electricity for the seven scenarios are $1.48/kWh, $0.62/kWh, $0.54/kWh, $0.42/kWh, $0.39/kWh, $0.37/kWh, and $0.36/kWh.

KW - hybrid energy system

KW - HOMER

KW - off-grid

KW - Renewable energy

U2 - 10.1016/j.energy.2015.12.105

DO - 10.1016/j.energy.2015.12.105

M3 - Article

VL - 97

SP - 151

EP - 160

JO - Energy

T2 - Energy

JF - Energy

SN - 0360-5442

ER -