A distributed control scheme of microgrids in energy internet and its multi-site implementation

Yu Wang, Tung Lam Nguyen, Mazheruddin Hussain Syed, Yan Xu, Nguyen Van Hoa, Efren Guillo-Sansano, Graeme Burt, Quoc Tuan Tran, Raphael Caire

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Internet-of-Things concepts are evolving the power systems to the Energy Internet paradigm. Microgrids (MGs), as the basic elements in an Energy Internet, are expected to be controlled in a more flexible and corporate manner. This paper proposes a novel distributed control scheme for multi-agent systems (MASs) governed MGs in future Energy Internet. The control objectives are frequency/voltage restoration and proportional power sharing. The proposed control scheme considers both intra and inter MASs interaction, which offers group plug-and-play capability of distributed generators (DGs). The stability and communication delay issues in the control framework are also analysed. A multi-site implementation framework is presented to explain the agent structure as well as data exchange in local area networks and the cloud server. Then a cyber hardware-in-the-loop (C-HiL) experiment is conducted to validate the proposed control methods and multi-site implementation. The experimental results prove the effectiveness and application potentials of the proposed approach.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Early online date27 Feb 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Feb 2020



  • energy internet
  • multi-agent system
  • distributed control
  • microgrids
  • hardware-in- the-loop

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