A distributed control scheme of microgrids in energy internet and its multi-site implementation

Yu Wang, Tung Lam Nguyen, Mazheruddin Hussain Syed, Yan Xu, Nguyen Van Hoa, Efren Guillo-Sansano, Graeme Burt, Quoc Tuan Tran, Raphael Caire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)
125 Downloads (Pure)


Internet-of-Things concepts are evolving the power systems to the Energy Internet paradigm. Microgrids (MGs), as the basic element in an Energy Internet, are expected to be controlled in a cooperative and flexible manner. This article proposes a novel distributed control scheme for multiagent systems (MASs) governed MGs in future Energy Internet. The control objectives are frequency/voltage restoration and proportional power sharing. The proposed control scheme considers both intra- and inter-MASs interactions, which offers group plug-and-play capability of distributed generators. The stability and communication delay issues in the control framework are analysed. A multisite implementation framework is presented to explain the agent architecture as well as data exchange in local area networks and the cloud server. Then a cyber hardware-in-the-loop experiment is conducted to validate the proposed control method with multisite implementation. The experimental results prove the effectiveness and application potentials of the proposed approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1141-1153
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Issue number2
Early online date27 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021


  • energy internet
  • multi-agent system
  • distributed control
  • microgrids
  • hardware-in- the-loop


Dive into the research topics of 'A distributed control scheme of microgrids in energy internet and its multi-site implementation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this