A 160x128 single-photon image sensor with on-pixel 55ps 10bit time-to-digital converter

Chockolingam Veerappan, Justin Richardson, Richard Walker, Day-Uey Li, Matthew Fishburn, Yuki Maruyama, David Stoppa, Fausto Borghetti, Marek Gersbach, Robert K Henderson, Edoardo Charbon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

194 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we present an array of 160x128 pixels capable of detecting the ToA of single photons, implemented in 0.13μm CMOS technology. The sensor is partitioned into 4 identical quadrants that are served by a balanced clock tree so as to minimize skews and to ensure the fastest possible readout process. The pixels in the rows are read out in rolling shutter mode in two directions (top and bottom) simultaneously. The 10b content of each pixel is thus transferred to the exterior of the chip via 320 independent serializers, 2 for each column, working in parallel at a maxi mum rate of 160Mb/s, thus enabling in principle the readout of a complete frame in 4μs. In our implementation the frame rate is actually lower, due to current lim itations in the readout firmware. The region-of-interest (Rol) is programmable, via vertical and horizontal registers that select which rows and columns are read out.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference (ISSCC)
PublisherIEEE
Pages312-214
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9781612843025
ISBN (Print)9781612843032
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2011

Publication series

Name
ISSN (Print)0193-6530
ISSN (Electronic)2376-8606

Fingerprint

converters
readout
pixels
sensors
photons
firmware
quadrants
shutters
registers
clocks
CMOS
chips

Keywords

  • pixel
  • temperature measurement
  • arrays
  • semiconductor device measurement
  • jitter
  • photonics
  • image resolution
  • CMOS image sensors

Cite this

Veerappan, C., Richardson, J., Walker, R., Li, D-U., Fishburn, M., Maruyama, Y., ... Charbon, E. (2011). A 160x128 single-photon image sensor with on-pixel 55ps 10bit time-to-digital converter. In IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference (ISSCC) (pp. 312-214). IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISSCC.2011.5746333
Veerappan, Chockolingam ; Richardson, Justin ; Walker, Richard ; Li, Day-Uey ; Fishburn, Matthew ; Maruyama, Yuki ; Stoppa, David ; Borghetti, Fausto ; Gersbach, Marek ; Henderson, Robert K ; Charbon, Edoardo. / A 160x128 single-photon image sensor with on-pixel 55ps 10bit time-to-digital converter. IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference (ISSCC). IEEE, 2011. pp. 312-214
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title = "A 160x128 single-photon image sensor with on-pixel 55ps 10bit time-to-digital converter",
abstract = "In this paper, we present an array of 160x128 pixels capable of detecting the ToA of single photons, implemented in 0.13μm CMOS technology. The sensor is partitioned into 4 identical quadrants that are served by a balanced clock tree so as to minimize skews and to ensure the fastest possible readout process. The pixels in the rows are read out in rolling shutter mode in two directions (top and bottom) simultaneously. The 10b content of each pixel is thus transferred to the exterior of the chip via 320 independent serializers, 2 for each column, working in parallel at a maxi mum rate of 160Mb/s, thus enabling in principle the readout of a complete frame in 4μs. In our implementation the frame rate is actually lower, due to current lim itations in the readout firmware. The region-of-interest (Rol) is programmable, via vertical and horizontal registers that select which rows and columns are read out.",
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author = "Chockolingam Veerappan and Justin Richardson and Richard Walker and Day-Uey Li and Matthew Fishburn and Yuki Maruyama and David Stoppa and Fausto Borghetti and Marek Gersbach and Henderson, {Robert K} and Edoardo Charbon",
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Veerappan, C, Richardson, J, Walker, R, Li, D-U, Fishburn, M, Maruyama, Y, Stoppa, D, Borghetti, F, Gersbach, M, Henderson, RK & Charbon, E 2011, A 160x128 single-photon image sensor with on-pixel 55ps 10bit time-to-digital converter. in IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference (ISSCC). IEEE, pp. 312-214. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISSCC.2011.5746333

A 160x128 single-photon image sensor with on-pixel 55ps 10bit time-to-digital converter. / Veerappan, Chockolingam; Richardson, Justin; Walker, Richard; Li, Day-Uey; Fishburn, Matthew; Maruyama, Yuki; Stoppa, David; Borghetti, Fausto; Gersbach, Marek; Henderson, Robert K; Charbon, Edoardo.

IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference (ISSCC). IEEE, 2011. p. 312-214.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

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Veerappan C, Richardson J, Walker R, Li D-U, Fishburn M, Maruyama Y et al. A 160x128 single-photon image sensor with on-pixel 55ps 10bit time-to-digital converter. In IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference (ISSCC). IEEE. 2011. p. 312-214 https://doi.org/10.1109/ISSCC.2011.5746333