1H-nuclear magnetic resonance analysis of urine as diagnostic tool for organic acidemias and aminoacidopathies

Ninna Pulido, Johana M. Guevara-Morales, Alexander Rodriguez-López, Álvaro Pulido, Jhon Díaz, Ru Angelie Edrada-Ebel, Olga Y. Echeverri-Peña

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The utility of low-resolution H-NMR analysis for the identification of biomarkers provided evidence for rapid biochemical diagnoses of organic acidemia and aminoacidopathy. H-NMR, with a sensitivity expected for a field strength of 400 MHz at 64 scans was used to establish the metabolomic urine sample profiles of an infant population diagnosed with small molecule Inborn Errors of Metabolism (smIEM) compared to unaffected individuals. A qualitative differentiation of the H-NMR spectral profiles of urine samples obtained from individuals affected by different organic acidemias and aminoacidopathies was achieved in combination with GC-MS. The smIEM disorders investigated in this study included phenylalanine metabolism; isovaleric, propionic, 3-methylglutaconicm and glutaric type I acidemia; and deficiencies in medium chain acyl-coenzyme and holocarboxylase synthase. The observed metabolites were comparable and similar to those reported in the literature, as well as to those detected with higher-resolution NMR. In this study, diagnostic marker metabolites were identified for the smIEM disorders. In some cases, changes in metabolite profiles differentiated post-treatments and follow-ups while allowing for the establishment of different clinical states of a biochemical disorder. In addition, for the first time, a H-NMR-based biomarker profile was established for holocarboxylase synthase deficiency spectrum.
Original languageEnglish
Article number891
Number of pages23
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2021


  • metabolism
  • inborn errors of metabolism
  • organic acidemia
  • aminoacidopathy
  • nuclear magnetic resonance


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