Quantitative non-destructive nanoscale characterisation of advanced materials

Project: Research

Project Details

Description

"To satisfy the performance requirements for near term developments in electronic and optoelectronic devices will require pioneering materials growth, device fabrication and advances in characterisation techniques. The imminent arrival of devices a few atoms thick that are based on lighter materials such as graphene or boron nitride and also advanced silicon and diamond nano-structures. These devices pose new challenges to the currently available techniques for producing and understanding the resulting devices and how they fail. Optimising the performance of such devices will require a detailed understanding of extended structural defects and their influence on the properties of technologically relevant materials. These defects include threading dislocations and grain boundaries, and are often electrically active and so are strongly detrimental to the efficiency and lifetimes of nano-scale devices (a single badly-behaved defect can cause catastrophic device failure). These defects are especially problematic for devices such as silicon solar cells, advanced ultraviolet light emitting diodes, and advanced silicon carbide and gallium nitride based high power devices (used for efficient switching of large electrical currents or for high power microwave telecoms). For graphene and similar modern 2D materials, grain boundaries have significant impact on their properties as they easily span the whole size of devices.

Resolving all of these problems requires new characterisation techniques for imaging of extended defects which are simultaneously rapid to use, are non-destructive and are structurally definitive on the nanoscale. Electron channelling contrast imaging (ECCI) is an effective structural characterisation tool which allows rapid non-destructive visualisation of extended crystal defects in the scanning electron microscope. However ECCI is usually applied as a qualitative method of investigating nano-scale materials, has limitations on the smallest size features that it can resolve, and suffers from difficulties in interpreting the resulting images. This limits this technique's ability to work out the nature of defects in these advanced materials.

We will make use of new developments in energy resolving electron detectors, new advances in the modelling of electron beams with solids and the knowledge and experience of our research team and partners, to obtain a 6 fold improvement in the spatial resolution of the ECCI technique. This new energy-filtered way of making ECCI measurements will radically improve the quality of the information that can be obtained with this technique. We will couple our new capabilities to accurately measure and interpret images of defects to other advanced characterisation techniques. This will enable ECCI to be adopted as the technique of choice for non-destructive quantitative structural characterisation of defects in a wide range of important materials and provide a new technique to analyse the role of extended defects in electronic device failure."
StatusActive
Effective start/end date1/06/1731/05/21

Funding

  • EPSRC (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council): £846,921.00

Fingerprint Explore the research topics touched on by this project. These labels are generated based on the underlying awards/grants. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Research Output

    • 10 Article
    • 1 Conference Contribution

    DFTB+, a software package for efficient approximate density functional theory based atomistic simulations

    Hourahine, B., Aradi, B., Blum, V., Bonafé, F., Buccheri, A., Camacho, C., Cevallos, C., Deshaye, M. Y., Dumitrică, T., Dominguez, A., Ehlert, S., Elstner, M., van der Heide, T., Hermann, J., Irle, S., Kranz, J. J., Kohler, C., Kowalczyk, T., Kubař, T., Lee, I. S. & 19 others, Lutsker, V., Maurer, R. J., Min, S. K., Mitchell, I., Negre, C., Niehaus, T. A., Niklasson, A. M. N., Page, A. J., Pecchia, A., Penazzi, G., Persson, M. P., Řezáč, J., Sánchez, C. G., Sternberg, M., Stöhr, M., Stuckenberg, F., Tkatchenko, A., Yu, V. W. . & Frauenheim, T., 23 Mar 2020, In : Journal of Chemical Physics. 152, 12, 19 p., 124101.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
  • 4 Citations (Scopus)
    2 Downloads (Pure)

    Improving EBSD precision by orientation refinement with full pattern matching

    Winkelmann, A., Jablon, B. M., Tong, V. S., Trager-Cowan, C. & Mingard, K. P., 26 Feb 2020, In : Journal of Microscopy. 277, 2, p. 79-92 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 1 Citation (Scopus)

    Influence of an InGaN superlattice pre-layer on the performance of semi-polar (11–22) green LEDs grown on silicon

    Zhao, X., Huang, K., Bruckbauer, J., Shen, S., Zhu, C., Fletcher, P., Feng, P., Cai, Y., Bai, J., Trager-Cowan, C., Martin, R. W. & Wang, T., 28 Jul 2020, In : Scientific Reports. 10, 8 p., 12650.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
  • Activities

    • 9 Invited talk