Clinical Investigation of the Functional Outcomes of High Congruency Versus Low Congruency Knee Bearings

  • KOMARIS, Dimitrios Sokratis, (Principal Investigator)

Project: Research

Description

The aim of the project is to compare the biomechanics of three different bearing designs used in total knee replacement (TKR) implants. The bearing is the part in the middle of the knee implant that allows the metal tray attached to the shin bone (tibia) to move in relation to the metal part attached to the thigh bone (femur) and is usually made of plastic (high density polyethylene). There will be three different bearing types in the study, which all give different movements. This study will see which bearing is most like a natural knee and so which design gives the best function and feeling to patients with a TKR. 90 TKR patients from the Golden Jubilee National Hospital will be recruited and randomised to receive one of the three study bearings (30 in each group). In addition, a control group of 30 healthy individuals of similar age will be recruited for comparison. Before surgery and at 4 to 8 weeks and 1 year after their operation patients will attend biomechanical assessment sessions at the University of Strathclyde. The control group will attend the assessment session only once. In each of these sessions they will carry out a number of everyday tasks such as walking, moving from sitting to standing and going up and down stairs. These tasks will be measured using motion capture techniques. Reflective markers placed on each participant will be tracked by cameras so that their movements can be recorded. Force plates in the floor will record the forces during the tasks.

Movement and force data will be analysed to see if any differences exist between the groups and show which bearing gives the most natural movement.

Notes

Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Short titleBiomechanical Assessment of a High Congruency Knee Bearing
AcronymNCT02422251
StatusActive
Effective start/end date21/04/15 → …

Keywords

  • Knee Replacement