Photo of Mohammed Afsar
  • United Kingdom

Accepting PhD Students

PhD projects

1. Jet noise modeling in non axi-symmetric air jets. 2. Large scale turbulence structures in compressible pipe flow. 3. Optimal control of vortices on aircraft wings using local surface deformations.


Research output per year

If you made any changes in Pure these will be visible here soon.

Personal profile

Personal Statement

M.Z. Afsar holds a Masters in Aeronautical Engineering (2003) from the University of Bristol for which he received several commendations including the Royal Aeronautical Society Award. His research career began in the summer of 2002 when, still as an undergraduate, he obtained a Research Assistantship at the Department of Applied Physics of Yale University. Here he worked as an experimentalist, conducting Particle Image Velocimetry measurements in laminar flames using laser diagnostic tools. He holds a Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge (2009) in Engineering. His Ph.D. thesis was in Aeroacoustics and focused on Applied Mathematical aspects of Jet Noise Modeling. Following this, he received a number of research fellowships that allowed him to work at the NASA Glenn Research Center with world-famous Scientists, Drs. Marvin Goldstein and S. J. Leib, on a variety of problems in Aeroacoustics, Turbulence modeling and Rapid-distortion theory. Between July 2013--April 2016 he was based at Imperial College London (Dept. of Mathematics) working under the Chapman Fellowship and Laminar Flow Control platform grant mainly with Professor X. Wu. Before joining Strathclyde University he was a visiting academic at Queen Mary University (in June-July 2016) and a remote visitor for the Stanford University Center for Turbulence Research summer program. His research interests include Asymptotic analysis, Aeroacoustics, Turbulence theory & modelling, Boundary-Layer Transition and Applied Mathematical methods.

Research Interests

Current research involves mathematical & numerical analysis of jet flow turbulence for Aero-acoustics problems such as jet noise and trailing/leading edge noise. I am also interested in mathematical modeling of boundary layer transition (receptivity and secondary instability theory) and wall turbulence.

Fields of scientific interest


  • Secondary instabilities of streamwise vortex flows
  • Trailing/leading edge noise
  • Rapid-distortion theory of turbulence
  • Jet noise modeling in heated/isothermal flows
  • Kinematic and dynamic modeling of jet turbulence


  • Perturbation methods in Applied Mathematics
  • Wiener-Hopf Technique
  • Complex analysis


Expertise & Capabilities

Main scientific results

  • We showed how optimally placed surface deformations hamper Gortler vortex growth rate and the temporal growth rates of resulting secondary instabilities (with A. Sescu, Mississippi State University).
  • We showed how non-parallel flow effects re-distribute the “two-peak” asymptotic structure of the Green’s function in the acoustic analogy approach so that a heated supersonic flow is quieter than an isothermal flow (with A. Sescu, Mississippi State University).
  • Showed how negative correlation in upstream turbulence affects the low frequency roll-off of the jet-surface interaction noise spectrum.
  • Working with NASA colleagues, we extending the Rapid-distortion theory of turbulence to compressible transversely sheared mean flows with physically realizable upstream boundary conditions (with M. E. Goldstein & S. J. Leib, NASA Glenn Research Center). This theory was applied to trailing edge noise problem.
  • We showed that non-parallel flow introduces a “two-peak” spatial structure in the Green’s function for predicting the low frequency jet noise in isothermal air jets under an appropriate asymptotic distinguished limit (with M. E. Goldstein, NASA Glenn Research Center & A. Sescu, University of Toledo).
  • Generalized spherical shell turbulence models to cylindrical shells in the axi-symmetric kinematic representation of the Reynolds stress auto-covariance tensor. This was validated against LES of high subsonic isothermal jet & PIV of incompressible water jet.

Teaching Interests

ME201 Aero Design  (Flight Mechanics)

ME405 Heat & Flow 4  (Heat transfer)

Academic / Professional qualifications


  • (Jan) 2004 – (Sept.) 2008:  Ph.D. in Aeronautical Engineering at Cambridge University, Department of Engineering. 

  • (Sept.) 1999 – 2003: First Class honors in Aeronautical Engineering M.Eng. at Bristol University, Department of Aeronautical Engineering.

Reviewer for:

  • Physics of Fluids
  • AIAA Journal
  • Journal of Fluid Mechanics


  • American Physical Society

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics where Mohammed Afsar is active. These topic labels come from the works of this person. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • 3 Similar Profiles

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.


Research Output

Analysis of the non-parallel flow-based Green's function in the acoustic analogy for complex axisymmetric jets

Afsar, M. Z., Sescu, A., Gryazev, V., Markesteijn, A. & Karabasov, S., 15 Jun 2020, p. AIAA 2020-2507. 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Open Access
  • 1 Downloads (Pure)

    An LES investigation of the 2D Tollmien-Schlichting wave instability in channel flow

    Mackay, M., Afsar, M. & Kokkinakis, I., 28 May 2020.

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

    Open Access
  • Prizes

    Global Engagements Fund (GEF) 2018

    Mohammed Afsar (Recipient), 5 Jul 2018

    Prize: Fellowship awarded competitively


    • 3 Invited talk
    • 1 Participation in workshop, seminar, course
    • 1 Journal peer review

    An overview of the Rapid-distortion theory approach to jet surface interaction noise modelling

    Mohammed Afsar (Speaker)
    31 Jan 2020

    Activity: Talk or presentation typesInvited talk

    Sixteenth International Conference on Flow Dynamics, November 6 - 8, 2019, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan

    Adrian Sescu (Participant), Mohammed Afsar (Participant), Shanti Bushan (Participant), Yuji Hattori (Participant), Makoto Hirota (Participant)
    7 Nov 2019

    Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesParticipation in workshop, seminar, course